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How to read a construction schedule

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How to Read a Construction Schedule: A Comprehensive Guide

If you are someone looking to understand how to read a construction schedule, you have come to the right place. In this brief review, we will discuss the positive aspects of learning how to read a construction schedule, its benefits, and the conditions under which it can be useful. Let's dive in!

Positive Aspects of How to Read a Construction Schedule:

  1. Easy-to-Follow Format:
  • The guide provides a step-by-step breakdown of reading a construction schedule, ensuring that even beginners can grasp the concepts easily.
  • It uses simple language and avoids technical jargon, making it accessible to a wide range of individuals.
  1. Visual Aid:
  • The guide includes visual examples and diagrams, which aid in understanding the various components of a construction schedule.
  • These visuals enhance comprehension, enabling readers to visualize project timelines and dependencies effectively.
  1. Comprehensive Content:
  • The guide covers all the essential elements of a construction schedule, including activity lists, duration estimates, critical path analysis, and milestone tracking.
  • It helps readers understand how to interpret different symbols, abbreviations, and color codes commonly used in construction schedules.

Benefits of How to Read a Construction Schedule:

  1. Efficient Project Planning:
  • Learning how
A Comprehensive Breakdown of Construction Progress Tracking
  1. Step 1: Define the Project Schedule.
  2. Step 2: Establish Tracking Methods.
  3. Step 3: Track Progress Regularly.
  4. Step 4: Identify Potential Delays or Issues.
  5. Step 5: Take Corrective Action.
  6. Step 6: Review Progress and Celebrate Successes.

Table of Contents

What are the activities involved in construction in project management?

Beyond ongoing planning and risk management, there are five key activities for project managers to focus on during the construction phase.
  • Managing Procurement in the Construction Phase.
  • Managing Change in the Construction Phase.
  • Tracking Work on the Construction Site.
  • Cost Control Monitoring in the Construction Phase.

What are the five main characteristics of construction project activities?

The 5 Phases of Construction Project Management
  • Initiation.
  • Planning.
  • Execution.
  • Performance and Monitoring.
  • Closure.

What is an activity in construction?

Construction activity means any activity associated with construction at a site including, but not limited to, clearing and grubbing, grading, excavation, and dewatering.

What are the stages of construction activity?

In a nutshell, here are the 6 stages of a construction project and what you should know about them:
  • The conception of the project. Normally, the conception of the project starts with the client.
  • Design.
  • The pre-construction stage.
  • The procurement stage.
  • The construction stage.
  • The post-construction stage.

How do you catch up on a construction schedule?

5 Tips to Keep Your Construction Project on Schedule
  1. Review Plans, Specs, & Project Documents. To keep your construction project on schedule, you need to go over every detail of the scope of work.
  2. Create & Coordinate a Master Schedule.
  3. Create Contingency Plans.
  4. Communicate & Collaborate.
  5. Monitor & Document Progress.

How do you catch up project delay?

What to do when a project gets delayed?
  1. Hold a team meeting (again) As soon as it becomes obvious your project will be delayed, gather your team to strategize.
  2. Prioritize tasks. With your adjusted plan decided, you need to prioritize tasks with the help of Kanban boards.
  3. Set new deadlines.
  4. Communicate.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I create a construction schedule in Excel?

How to Create a Construction Schedule in Excel
  1. Enter Details for Your Project.
  2. List Activities in the Construction Schedule Excel Template.
  3. Add Dates to the Task Rows and Calculate Duration.
  4. Show Completed and Future Work in the Gantt Chart.
  5. Customize the Schedule.

How do you keep a construction project on schedule?

10 Tips for Keeping Your Construction Projects on Schedule
  1. Form a Plan. A master schedule should be prepared far in advance of breaking ground.
  2. Get It in Writing.
  3. Communication is Key.
  4. Invest in Software.
  5. Monitor Daily Progress.
  6. No Problem Is Too Small.
  7. Prefabricated Construction.
  8. Weather Watching.

What is the most popular method for scheduling construction projects?

The critical path method (CPM)

The most widely used scheduling technique is the critical path method (CPM) for scheduling, often referred to as critical path scheduling. This method calculates the minimum completion time for a project along with the possible start and finish times for the project activities.

What is the timeline of a construction project?

A construction schedule is a timeline for a building project that construction managers use to determine the order and duration of construction activities. Construction schedules also track milestones, deliverables, and dependencies to help ensure projects stay on schedule and on budget.

How can a Gantt chart be used in the construction industry?

Helps Identify Dependencies

A multiphase construction Gantt chart is a visual representation of your project schedule. It shows tasks, who is responsible for them, when they are due and how long they will take. This helps you identify conflicts or dependencies with other team members' work.

How many months is a Gantt chart?

The Gantt bars will automatically display based on the tasks and milestone dates. Gantt Excel also supports a three-month Gantt chart project timeline as a quarterly view, a six-month Gantt Chart as a half-yearly view and a 12 month timeline as well.

How do you manage time in a construction project?

5 Tips to Improve Time Management in Construction
  1. Technology. One of the simplest ways to enhance construction time management is through technology.
  2. Plan and schedule.
  3. Prioritize.
  4. Delegate and reshuffle tasks as needed.
  5. Keep meetings on track.
  6. ALICE makes time management in construction easy.

How do you stay on a construction schedule?

10 Tips for Keeping Your Construction Projects on Schedule
  1. Form a Plan. A master schedule should be prepared far in advance of breaking ground.
  2. Get It in Writing.
  3. Communication is Key.
  4. Invest in Software.
  5. Monitor Daily Progress.
  6. No Problem Is Too Small.
  7. Prefabricated Construction.
  8. Weather Watching.

What is construction project duration?

A duration in terms of construction planning may be defined as [2] the time required or available for the completion of an activity.

What are the 5 stages of construction project?

Here's how the typical five stages of the construction process break down.
  • Phase 1: Pre-Design (Project Initiation)
  • Phase 2: Design (Pre-Construction)
  • Phase 3: Procurement.
  • Phase 4: Construction and Monitoring.
  • Phase 5: Post-Construction (Closeout)
  • Create a Detailed Plan.
  • Efficiently Track Project Progress.

How do you maintain project work?

What are the 5 project management tips?
  1. Foster clear and effective communication.
  2. Set clear goals for your project.
  3. Choose & use the right tools to monitor progress.
  4. Work with a flexible team whose skills combine well.
  5. Keep your project team members motivated as best you can.

How do you effectively manage a construction project?

How to manage a construction project: 15 key tips
  1. Tip #1: Track resources carefully.
  2. Tip #2: Collaborate and delegate.
  3. Tip #3: Avoid “pointing fingers” at field workers unjustly.
  4. Tip #4: Hold workers accountable when it is their fault.
  5. Tip #5: Implement a rigorous inspection workflow.
  6. Tip #6: Create clear roadmaps.

What are the 5 principles of construction project management?

Universal Criteria for Construction Works

Through consistent adherence to the “Five Construction Principles”, which includes consideration of environmental protection, safety, speed, economy and aesthetics in the form of a balanced equilateral pentagon, GIKEN works diligently to deliver a balanced approach to projects.

How do you manage a project behind a schedule?

Consider the following tips to help resolve a project that's experiencing delays:
  1. Determine the cause of delays.
  2. Revise the shift schedule.
  3. Develop a risk management plan.
  4. Plan overtime hours.
  5. Extend the project deadline.
  6. Review your personnel resources.
  7. Adjust the project's parameters.

How do you manage delays in a construction project?

6 ways to avoid project delays
  1. Set realistic goals for your projects. Setting realistic goals is possibly the biggest factor in determining whether you'll complete your project on time.
  2. Hold a team meeting.
  3. Gather the right resources.
  4. Schedule carefully.
  5. Track and measure progress.
  6. Forecast.

What are the six key stages of effective construction project management?

6 Steps of a Construction Project
  • Step 1: Conception.
  • Step 2: Team & Delivery Method Selection.
  • Step 3: Design.
  • Step 4: Preconstruction & Procurement.
  • Step 5: Construction.
  • Step 6: Close-Out.

What to avoid when writing construction contracts?

Top 10 Common Mistakes that We See in Construction Contracts
  • It's not written down.
  • Both parties haven't signed the contract.
  • Not all of the terms of the agreement are in writing and in the contract.
  • The timeline is unclear.
  • Particular terms aren't defined.
  • There's no written approval of any changes to the contract.

What are the 5 essential elements of a construction contract?

Here are five of the most important terms that should be a part of every construction contract.
  • Scope of Work. Clients need to be clear about what a company is going to do for them.
  • Payment Obligations.
  • Insurance Information.
  • Parties to the Agreement and Notice.
  • Authority to Make Decisions.

What should be included in a contractor agreement?

A contract should contain everything agreed upon by you and your licensed contractor. It should detail the work, price, when payments will be made, who gets the necessary building permits, and when the job will be finished. The contract also must identify the contractor, and give their address and license number.

How do you present a construction schedule?

The nine steps to creating a construction project schedule:
  1. Choose a construction scheduling tool.
  2. Conduct research.
  3. List subcontractors.
  4. List tasks.
  5. Determine expected duration for each task.
  6. Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
  7. Go over the schedule with stakeholders.
  8. Execute.

What is the most ignored clause in a construction contract?

Dispute resolution clauses: These clauses are the most ignored of the 5 key clauses. This is because hope springs eternal at the start of a project and no one thinks a dispute will arise.

What is scheduling in construction?

Construction scheduling organizes activities and their sequence in a construction project. It's a project management process that acts as a blueprint for how the project will be executed. It not only organizes the activities and tasks but the overall timeframe for the project, including milestones.

What is the sequence of activities in construction?

Construction order typically starts with marking, excavation, foundation, framing, brick masonry, roofing, flooring, and finishing.

What is planning and scheduling of construction works?

Construction planning and scheduling: a quick intro

Construction planning essentially covers the choosing of relevant policies, procedures, and processes to achieve your project goals. Construction scheduling adapts your construction project action plans for scope, time, cost, and quality into a functioning calendar.

What are two common types of schedules used in construction?

The two most common types of schedules used in construction are the Gantt chart (or bar chart) and the network diagram.

What are the 3 types of scheduling?

The three schedule types are known as the Capacity schedule, Resource schedule, and Service schedule. In some ways, they overlap in what they can do, and for some applications more than one will work. You will get the best experience if you know which schedule type is appropriate for your situation.

What should be in a construction schedule?

A construction schedule is created to define every task and event in an upcoming project during the planning phase. The plan also lists all the resources needed for each step, as well as how they'll be divided up between teams throughout all stages of development, from idea through to completion.

What is included in a construction drawing?

They are the pictorial record of the official design for the building, and generally include detailed depictions of every element of the finished building including the foundation, floor, walls, elevations, interior details and elevations, cabinetry, MEP design, structural details, and ceiling plans.

What is the schedule of materials?

Material Schedules is a document that focuses on the material composition of the project, showing the breakdown of the various materials and components needed to accomplish a building project from beginning to finish.

What is an architectural drawing finish schedule?

What is a finish schedule and why does it matter? A Finish Schedule is a form of product specification writing that outlines the materials desired on a construction project. Specifically, a Finish Schedule outlines floor, wall, ceiling materials and excludes lighting, windows, doors, and furniture.

Why do designers and contractors use schedules in architectural drawings?

The main purpose of incorporating schedules into a set of construction documents is to provide clarity, location, sizing, materials, and information on the designation of doors, windows, roof finishes, equipment, plumbing, and electrical fixtures.

What are the 6 major types of drawings in a set of construction drawings?

Types of Design and Construction Drawings
  • Architectural Drawings.
  • Structural Drawings.
  • HVAC Drawings.
  • Electrical & Plumbing Drawings.
  • Firefighter Drawings.
  • Miscellaneous Drawings.

How do you manage a construction schedule?

5 Tips to Keep Your Construction Project on Schedule
  1. Review Plans, Specs, & Project Documents. To keep your construction project on schedule, you need to go over every detail of the scope of work.
  2. Create & Coordinate a Master Schedule.
  3. Create Contingency Plans.
  4. Communicate & Collaborate.
  5. Monitor & Document Progress.

How do you accelerate a construction schedule?

One method of accelerating the schedule is to add activities to the critical path that are empty or that are optional. If the project is behind schedule, the time can be made up by dropping these activities. This extra time that is built into the schedule is called contingency time, buffer, or reserve time.

What is the timeline for design build construction?

Average time for construction is 4 to 12 months depending on size, schedule and any change orders. A post-construction walk-through is the final step in a design build project. During the post-construction phase, we'll create a punch list and address any final concerns.

What makes a good construction scheduler?

A good construction schedule is realistic, accurate, and well-sequenced. It enables the project to stay under budget and takes into account resource and time constraints.

How do you forecast construction?

"The most efficient technique for accurately predicting future costs is to use analytical software that takes into account historical performance metrics from previous projects and combines them with real-time data from current projects in order to create meaningful projections for future jobsites."

What will construction look like in the future?

From most of these advances, we can deduce that the future of construction is going to be characterized by more advanced construction technologies and greater site efficiency. These advancements in technology will significantly minimize construction injuries and lead to more spectacular civil engineering structures.

What is cost forecasting in construction?

Cost forecasting is a useful exercise in determining required expenditures at the various payment stages of a project. Efficient management of project income is crucial in making timely payments to the various stakeholders involved in the project.

Why is construction forecasting important?

Forecasting, driven by BI software, facilitates a more accurate understanding of how a project is going to play out so you can keep clients well-informed of timelines and costs, keeping them on side. It can also help you identify areas for continuous improvement, showing clients your dedication to quality and value.

What is the easiest way to forecast?

Four of the main forecast methodologies are: the straight-line method, using moving averages, simple linear regression and multiple linear regression. Both the straight-line and moving average methods assume the company's historical results will generally be consistent with future results.

How do you determine the duration of a construction project?

Past experience. The best way to estimate the amount of time it will take to complete a project is to base it on a similar past project. The data will be more accurate than labor calculators or other estimation methods since the data is based on real activities.

What is the construction phase of a project?

What is the construction phase? The construction phase is the physical process of building and all other associated activities such as landscaping, refurbishing, site clearance, and demolition. The contractor typically performs the construction work.

FAQ

What is the completion date of a construction project?

Most construction contracts set a date by which the works described in the contract must be completed (the completion date or contract completion date). This is not the date by which all obligations under the contract have to be discharged, but the date by which 'practical completion' must be certified.

What are the causes of schedule overruns in construction projects?

Schedule overrun refers to the late completion or late delivery, from the time specified or agreed by all parties of the construction project. The main causes for the schedule overrun are financial problems, late payments for the completed work and on-going work, change orders, organizational changes etc.

What is an example of pacing delay?

An example would be that the duration of wire pulling is delayed because conduit installation is taking longer than anticipated due to the lack of conduit materials on the site. This is pacing delay, not concurrent delay because the cause of one delay is the result of the other delay.

What are five common reasons for delays to a construction schedule?
Top 5 Causes of Construction Delays
  • Poor duration scheduling and planning of resources.
  • Contractor's financial difficulties.
  • Delay in approval of completed work.
  • Slow delivery of materials.
  • Poor site organization and coordination between various parties.
How do you crash a project schedule?
How to crash a project
  1. Look at the critical path.
  2. Assess the benefits and drawbacks of each step.
  3. Determine the most cost-effective option.
  4. Outline the budget and updated project timeline.
  5. Move forward with the new timeline.
Why do projects fall behind schedule?

It is likely that each is affected or could potentially be affected by anything from safety issues, a lack of resources, poor project management, a shortage of workers, or delayed materials. With these potential threats, it is easy for a project to fall behind schedule.

How do you avoid construction change orders?
Below are some tips for reducing or eliminating unwanted change orders on construction projects.
  1. Ensure a clear project scope.
  2. Provide clear project specifications.
  3. Perform a detailed constructability.
  4. Avoid the “silo conundrum.” Nearly every project includes work elements designed by different disciplines.
What is the construction handover process?

Construction handover, also known as project handover, marks the final phase of a construction project where the completed build is transferred from the construction team to the client or owner. It is a critical moment when the responsibilities shift, and the client gains control of the project.

Who is involved in the planning stage of construction?

Planning the construction phase and drawing up a construction phase plan is the responsibility of: The principal contractor for projects involving more than one contractor; and. The contractor for single contractor projects.

Who prepares the project schedule?

Project manager

The Project manager creates the project management plan following inputs from the project team and the key stakeholders. A Project management plan is a formal, approved document that defines how the project is executed, monitored, and controlled.

What is planning and scheduling in construction?

Construction planning and scheduling: a quick intro

Construction planning essentially covers the choosing of relevant policies, procedures, and processes to achieve your project goals. Construction scheduling adapts your construction project action plans for scope, time, cost, and quality into a functioning calendar.

Who are involved in construction project?

The construction of a building involves many people: Architects; Designers; Engineers; Contractors; Sub-Contractors all working together to meet the needs of the Client. These construction professionals are brought together for a specific construction project and then disbanded once construction is complete.

Who is responsible for the planning execution and completion of projects?
A project manager (PM) plans, organizes, schedules, directs, executes, maintains, and troubleshoots a project so it gets completed on time, within budget, and according to projected scope. The PM also serves as its liaison to stakeholders.

How to make an electrical construction schedule

May 25, 2023 — ... electrical. Accurately assessing the different tasks and milestones that make up your project is critical for effective construction scheduling.

How do you know what materials to use for a building project?

Hear this out loudPauseThe choice of materials for a project requires considerations of aesthetic appeal and initial and ongoing costs, life cycle assessment considerations (such as material performance, availability and impact on the environment) and the ability to reuse, recycle or dispose of the material at the end of its life.

What documents are referred to as construction documents?
The 10 Types of Construction Documents for Construction Projects:
  • 1: Construction Agreement.
  • 2: General Conditions.
  • 3: Special Conditions.
  • 4: Scope of Work (SOW)
  • 5: Drawings.
  • 7: Bill of Quantities.
  • 9: Schedule of Values.
  • 10: Cost Estimate.
How do I get a material list for my house?

Hear this out loudPauseWe recommend working directly with local building material suppliers (lumber yards). Most suppliers have an in-house estimator who can create a list of materials, with prices. They will need a copy of the house plan to complete this process.

What is the material schedule of a construction project?

Hear this out loudPauseA material schedule lists all required building materials needed to complete the project and ensure it is organized and runs smoothly. Creating a material schedule will greatly help the construction process and help avoid any material shortages that could break or stall the project.

What is construction material description?

Hear this out loudPauseBuilding material is material used for construction. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, rocks, sand, wood, and even twigs and leaves, have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use, some more and some less synthetic.

How do you write a construction project timeline?
  1. Step 1: Choose a construction scheduling tool.
  2. Step 2: Conduct research.
  3. Step 3: List subcontractors.
  4. Step 4: List tasks.
  5. Step 5: Determine expected duration for each task.
  6. Step 6: Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
  7. Step 7: Go over your schedule with stakeholders.
  8. Step 8: Execute.
How do you supervise a construction project?
Your Step-by-Step Guide to Successfully Manage Every Construction Project
  1. Know and understand the project scope.
  2. Learn the participants and their roles.
  3. Develop and maintain a schedule.
  4. Manage change effectively.
  5. Close the project.
How can I improve my construction project?
8 Easy Ways to Improve Construction Efficiency on Your Project
  1. Improve your planning.
  2. Find good construction management software.
  3. Start using Building Information Modeling (BIM)
  4. Listen to your staff.
  5. Invest in training.
  6. Improve your communication.
  7. Establish performance measurements, and hold your crew accountable.
What is the 3 4 5 method in construction?

To get a perfectly square corner, you want to aim for a measurement ratio of 3:4:5. In other words, you want a three-foot length on your straight line, a four-foot length on your perpendicular line, and a five-foot length across. If all three measurements are correct, you'll have a perfectly square corner.

Which items are needed to control the project schedule?
Precisely, you need to control 3 couples of dates for each activity:
  • Baseline Start and Baseline Finish tell us the committed dates for start and finish.
  • Actual Start and Actual Finish keep record for the actual start and finish dates.
  • Start and Finish are used to keep our best estimation on activities start and finish.
What is project scheduling in construction?

What Is a Construction Schedule? A construction schedule is a timeline for every task and event in a construction project. The construction schedule is a fundamental part of the project planning phase, as it also defines the resources needed and the teams responsible for each task in the construction process.

What does a construction project network schedule show?
A construction schedule should include:
  • Relevant deadlines.
  • Resource management.
  • Allocated assets.
  • All project deliverables.
  • Specific tasks that need to be completed.
  • Any task dependencies that exist.
  • Task durations.
  • Set budgets and costing.
What are the two most common types of schedules used in construction?

The two most common types of schedules used in construction are the Gantt chart (or bar chart) and the network diagram.

What are three components of project schedule?

The three major parts of a project plan are the scope, budget and timeline. They involve the following aspects: Scope. The scope determines what a project team will and will not do.

How to build a commercial building step by step?
Commercial Construction Process
  1. Step 1: The Development and Planning Phase.
  2. Step 2: The Pre-Design Phase.
  3. Step 3: The Design Phase.
  4. Step 4: The Pre-Construction Phase.
  5. Step 5: The Procurement Phase.
  6. Step 6: The Construction Phase.
  7. Step 7: The Post-Construction Phase.
What are the 7 steps in the building process?
Here's the process:
  • Step 1: Design. During this phase, the client places a project for bidding.
  • Step 2: Pre-Construction.
  • Step 3: Procurement.
  • Step 4: Construction.
  • Step 5: Commissioning.
  • Step 6: Owner Occupancy.
  • Step 7: Project Closeout.
What is the typical construction sequence of a building?

What is the order of construction? Construction order refers to the major sequence of work followed while constructing a building. Construction order typically starts with marking, excavation, foundation, framing, brick masonry, roofing, flooring, and finishing.

How do you manage time in construction?
5 Tips to Improve Time Management in Construction
  1. Technology. One of the simplest ways to enhance construction time management is through technology.
  2. Plan and schedule.
  3. Prioritize.
  4. Delegate and reshuffle tasks as needed.
  5. Keep meetings on track.
  6. ALICE makes time management in construction easy.
What to do when a project is behind schedule?
Tips to resolve a project behind schedule
  1. Determine the cause of delays.
  2. Revise the shift schedule.
  3. Develop a risk management plan.
  4. Plan overtime hours.
  5. Extend the project deadline.
  6. Review your personnel resources.
  7. Adjust the project's parameters.
  8. Provide an updated schedule in a common area.
What is an example of a construction project delay?

Here are a few examples of the possible Force Majeure events: storms, hurricanes, earthquakes, extreme temperature status, etc. Accordingly, a delay will definitely occur to the project if these circumstances affected the project's critical activities.

What is the world's largest construction project?

The Al Maktoum International Airport takes the prize as the world's largest construction project currently under construction. Spanning more than 21 miles, the mega-project has moved into an expansion phase, at a cost of $32 billion.

How many construction projects are delayed?

Delays are anticipated by every company

Most respondents reported a very high percentage of projects being subject to delays. For instance, one result indicated that over 91% of the projects are subjects to delays. The largest group of respondents expected delays in up to 10% of their projects.

What are the 4 types of project delays in project management?

The four types are: non-critical, critical, excusable or compensable. Here, Dr. Apirath Prateapusanond, Managing Director of Quantum PPP Consulting and Regional Director of Tungsten Capital Thailand explains. Non-Critical Delays are those that do not affect the overall project completion date.

What is a construction timeline called?

A construction schedule is a tool used by contractors to track the progress of a project. The schedule includes a list of all the activities that need to be completed, as well as the timeframe for each activity.

How do you make a construction timeline?
Let's look at how a construction schedule is created and get some insight into how this powerful tool is used.
  1. Know the project.
  2. Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
  3. Assign tasks and durations.
  4. Connect tasks based on their predecessors and successors.
  5. Review the schedule.
  6. Continually update and review the schedule.
What is the construction material schedule?

Material scheduling in construction is the process of organizing all of the necessary building materials for a project. This document lists each material and its corresponding quantity, description, unit price, and total price. It can be helpful to prepare a material schedule before starting any construction project.

What is a project timeline chart called?

A Gantt chart is a commonly used graphical depiction of a project schedule. It's a type of bar chart showing the start and finish dates of a project's elements such as resources, planning, and dependencies.

What is the critical path method of renovation?

The critical path method considers all the tasks, their duration and the dependencies between them so that a project manager can easily see which tasks need to be done first, which ones can wait and which ones should be done simultaneously.

How to read a construction schedule

How do you come up with a critical path?

Build a schedule network diagram, which is a visual sequence of how your tasks interrelate. Identify all possible paths through the diagram, and add up all tasks' duration to calculate the time to complete each path. The path that has the longest total duration is your critical path.

What is the critical path in construction management?

In project management, the critical path is the longest sequence of tasks that must be completed to execute a project. The tasks on the critical path are called critical activities because if they're delayed, the whole project completion will be delayed.

How do you make a PERT CPM for construction? How to develop a PERT chart
  1. Step 1: List out your project milestones and tasks.
  2. Step 2: Identify the sequence of those tasks.
  3. Step 3: Determine the time criteria for your tasks.
  4. Step 4: Draw up your PERT diagram.
  5. Step 5: Draw out your critical path.
  6. Step 6: Update your PERT chart as needed.
What are the four key elements of critical path method? The Critical Path Method has four key elements...
  • Critical Path Analysis.
  • Float Determination.
  • Early Start & Early Finish Calculation.
  • Late Start & Late Finish Calculation.
How do you write a weekly construction progress report? How to create a construction work in progress report
  1. List work details.
  2. Determine weather.
  3. Include completed tasks.
  4. List hours worked and employees involved in the construction.
  5. List equipment and usage.
  6. Include materials and usage.
  7. Identify potential delays.
  8. Add a safety report.
How do you create a construction project schedule? How to Create a Construction Schedule
  1. Know the project.
  2. Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
  3. Assign tasks and durations.
  4. Connect tasks based on their predecessors and successors.
  5. Review the schedule.
  6. Continually update and review the schedule.
How do I prepare a construction report daily? Carefully record the date and time of reports, so you have a record of exactly when each task was completed.
  1. Step 2: Record Weather Conditions.
  2. Step 3: Add Work Logs.
  3. Step 4: Snap Photos of the Jobsite.
  4. Step 5: Add Notes, Issues, and Concerns.
  5. Step 6: Record Site Safety Observations.
  6. Step 7: Complete a Daily Survey.
What should be included in a weekly project status report?

Weekly Status Report

It includes the name of the project, the date of the status report, a summary outlining what work was done over that time period and the action plan for what to work on for the next week. There will also be a section to list any challenges, risk and mitigation plans to respond to them.

How do you calculate schedule of values in construction? To ensure that your SOV is as accurate as possible, consider the following steps.
  1. Step 1: Confirm the Contract Price.
  2. Step 2: Add Work Items.
  3. Step 3: Determine Each Item's Value.
  4. Step 4: Update As Work Is Completed.
  5. Step 5: Review and Confirm Values.
  6. Step 6: Submit With the Application for Payment.
What is a schedule of values in construction budget?

A schedule of values (SOV) is a comprehensive document listing the cost of each work item and the amount of work completed for a construction project.

What is the typical payment schedule for construction projects?

Oftentimes, the procedure for payment within the construction agreement indicates that the contractor will invoice the owner on the last day of each month for work completed to date, and then the owner has a certain number of days, typically 10 to 20 days, to make payment to the contractor.

How do you calculate schedule value?

Schedule Variance (SV)

Schedule Variance indicates how much ahead or behind schedule the project is. Schedule Variance can be calculated using the following formula: Schedule Variance (SV) = Earned Value (EV) – Planned Value (PV) Schedule Variance (SV) = BCWP – BCWS.

What is the construction timeframe?

The timeline for your construction project depends on a variety of factors. When constructing a new home, the construction process could take several months or as long as one year. On the other hand, commercial construction projects can take a few years depending on the size of the project.

What is the delay period in construction?

In construction, the delay can be defined as the extra time required or incurred either beyond the stipulated completion date or beyond the date that the project stakeholders agreed upon for the completion of the project.

How do you create a timeline for a construction project?
  1. Step 1: Choose a construction scheduling tool.
  2. Step 2: Conduct research.
  3. Step 3: List subcontractors.
  4. Step 4: List tasks.
  5. Step 5: Determine expected duration for each task.
  6. Step 6: Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
  7. Step 7: Go over your schedule with stakeholders.
  8. Step 8: Execute.
What is one of the longest construction projects to date? The Great Wall of China is one of the largest construction projects ever undertaken and holds the distinction of being the longest as well! The building of the Great Wall began in about 400 B.C and was completed in about A.D 1600 – that's 2,000 years!

How do you organize a construction schedule? How to Create a Construction Schedule
  1. Know the project.
  2. Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
  3. Assign tasks and durations.
  4. Connect tasks based on their predecessors and successors.
  5. Review the schedule.
  6. Continually update and review the schedule.
What is a 3 2 split work schedule?

Put simply, the 3/2 Split or the 2-2-3 Work Schedule refers to the idea of working three days of the week in a physical office space, two at home, and having two off on the weekend.

What is splitting scheduling technique?

Splitting scheduling technique refers to the technique used by the project managers where the entire schedule fixed for the project is divided into small parts and the full task is divided into smaller tasks.

How do you split up work for a project? Three common methods are to:
  1. Divide the features or capabilities making up the scope of the project. This is splitting the "what".
  2. Divide the project along solution/design or skill lines. This is splitting the "how" or "what".
  3. A combination of the previous two approaches.
How do you layout a schedule? 6 steps to create a daily schedule
  1. List to-do items. Before you can organize your to-dos, you first need to make a list of all the items you need to do for the day.
  2. Prioritize tasks.
  3. Note deadlines.
  4. Identify recurring events.
  5. Order items by time, priority, or deadline.
  6. Stay flexible.
What is Labour scheduling?

The goal of labor scheduling is to match the number of workers available to the customer demand that exists in any given time period. Thus, a manager must forecast demand and then schedule the appropriate number of employees (neither more nor less than needed) to meet that demand.

What is Labour in construction?

Construction. In the construction industry, labour is the term usually given to unskilled, manual workers on a site, i.e what is normally termed 'manual labour' or 'site labour'. It may do a variety of jobs including, digging, cleaning, catering, carrying and lifting.

What is a work schedule from contractor?

What is a construction work schedule? A construction work schedule is a planning document that details how a construction team plans to complete a project. It also contains critical information about resources, the relationships between tasks and deadlines for each deliverable.

What is the purpose of producing a Labour resource schedule?

The aim of resource scheduling is to use optimum resources or work within resource constraints. The resources in construction sites are basically three: materials, equipment and human resources (skilled and unskilled labour).

What is it called when a construction project is completed?

In the realm of construction projects, two important milestones mark the progress and completion of the work: substantial completion and final completion. These terms carry significant weight and implications for contractors, owners, and other project stakeholders.

How do you close a construction project? Project Closeout Checklist
  1. Collect and organize documents.
  2. Review change orders.
  3. Complete a punch list.
  4. Ensure project meets required specs.
  5. Demobilize workforce and equipment.
  6. Handover to client.
  7. Address feedback.
  8. Complete open contracts.
What happens at the end of a construction project?

The Final Paperwork

Once everything has been checked off the punch list, you and the contractor will do a final walk-through of the building. If everything is to your satisfaction, you will receive the keys to your new office, along with a binder of paperwork.

What are closeout documents in construction?

Custom Software, Project Management, Time sheets,…

Construction projects require closeout documents. These records, certificates, manuals and reports serve as evidence of the project's design, execution and final outcomes. Closeout documents are essential for several reasons.

What do you call a finished project?

The project conclusion describes the successful achievement of the project goal. It includes the final phases of a project: product acceptance, a final analysis, experience assurance and the final project resolution. These points are summarized in the project conclusion report.

How can project scheduling be improved? The Simple Way to Improve Scheduling on Projects
  1. Common scheduling challenges.
  2. The power of planning intelligence.
  3. Wrangle uncertainty with ranged estimation.
  4. Embrace change because it's inevitable.
  5. Try out a predictive scheduling system.
Is construction scheduling hard?

Construction management is challenging, and planning and scheduling is certainly one of the most difficult parts of the job.

How do you maintain a construction schedule? 10 Tips for Keeping Your Construction Projects on Schedule
  1. Form a Plan. A master schedule should be prepared far in advance of breaking ground.
  2. Get It in Writing.
  3. Communication is Key.
  4. Invest in Software.
  5. Monitor Daily Progress.
  6. No Problem Is Too Small.
  7. Prefabricated Construction.
  8. Weather Watching.
What skills make you a successful scheduler? Scheduler Qualifications/Skills:
  • Scheduling.
  • Administrative writing skills.
  • Professionalism, confidentiality, and organization.
  • Reporting skills.
  • Travel logistics.
  • Typing.
  • Verbal Communication.
  • Microsoft Office skills.
What hours do most construction workers work?

Construction workers can work in the range of 6 to 12 hours per day, with most construction workers falling in the range of 8 to 10 hours per day. There are many different factors that contribute to how many hours a construction worker works in a day, such as: The type of construction project they are working on.

How late can construction go in NYC?

Between 7 AM and 6 PM

Residential Construction is allowed between 7 AM and 6 PM on weekdays. Alterations or repairs to existing one-family or two-family, owner-occupied dwellings, convents or rectories may also be performed on Saturdays and Sundays between 10:00 AM and 4:00 PM.

What are legal construction hours in Los Angeles?

Permitted Construction/Demolition Hours are as follows: Monday through Friday 7:00 A.M. - 9:00 P.M. Saturday or National Holidays 8:00 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. To report a non-allowable working hour's noise complaint, contact The LAPD at 311 or click here.

What time is noise ordinance in New York State?

According to local laws, NYC quiet hours range from 10 pm to 7 am. Failure to abide by these rules can result in hefty fines. But the noise code also has special parameters for different types of noise.

What is a normal day for a construction worker?

Most sites begin work at 7 AM, however for certain projects workers may need to arrive earlier. 5:30 PM is a typical finish. Upper management will often call to check in on orders and shipments first thing in the morning while lower-level employees prepare themselves to begin work.

What is the NTP date for a project?

NTP Date means the “Full Notice to Proceed Date” (or any such similar term as defined in the EPC Agreement). NTP Date means the date on which the Full Notice to Proceed is delivered by Owner.

What is the most governing commencement date of a construction project?

Commencement of construction on most commercial construction projects is the date at which the time begins to run, based upon the project schedule.

How a construction project is started?

Most construction projects follow the design-bid-build model. First, the project owner gets the design from architects or engineers. Once the project owner has blueprints and a material take-off (MTO) for the construction project, the next step is to select the general contractor through the bidding process.

  • How long does it take to complete a construction project?
    • A large renovation or new construction project consisting of 3,000-5,000 square feet with high-end details can take 9-12 months. Projects over 5,000 square feet are typically highly specialized and can easily exceed 12 months.

  • What are the stages in a construction project?
    • In a nutshell, here are the 6 stages of a construction project and what you should know about them:
      • The conception of the project. Normally, the conception of the project starts with the client.
      • Design.
      • The pre-construction stage.
      • The procurement stage.
      • The construction stage.
      • The post-construction stage.
  • What is the longest phase of a construction project?
    • The planning stage is where the budget is estimated, outlined and approved. A project team must dedicate the right time to the budget plan. It is often the most time-consuming phase in the entire project but ultimately establishes whether a project will succeed or fail.

  • What is the scheduling of activities in construction?
    • A construction schedule should include:
      1. Relevant deadlines.
      2. Resource management.
      3. Allocated assets.
      4. All project deliverables.
      5. Specific tasks that need to be completed.
      6. Any task dependencies that exist.
      7. Task durations.
      8. Set budgets and costing.
  • What is an activity schedule?
    • An activity schedule is a type of visual support that provides permanent visual reminders of the order of events or tasks that occur in a given period of time. It describes when an activity will happen, when it will end, and what will occur after that (Ganz, 2007).

  • What is an activity schedule under NEC?
    • An activity schedule is a list of activities prepared by the Contractor which he expects to carry out in Providing the Works. When it has been priced by the Contractor, the total of the lump sum Prices is compared to the final Price for Work Done to Date in order to ascertain the Contractor's share.

  • What is a priced contract with activity schedule?
    • Option A is a priced contract with an activity schedule, which relates to a programme where each activity is allocated a price and interim payments are made against the completion of those activities. The contractor largely bears the risk of carrying out the work at the agreed prices.

  • What is the schedule of activities in a project plan?
    • A project schedule is a timetable that organizes tasks, resources and due dates in an ideal sequence so that a project can be completed on time. A project schedule is created during the planning phase and includes the following: A project timeline with start dates, end dates and milestones.

  • How do you analyze a construction schedule?
    • How do you evaluate your construction schedule and plan?
      1. Review your project scope and objectives.
      2. Compare your baseline and current schedule.
      3. Monitor your performance indicators.
      4. Solicit feedback from your team and stakeholders.
      5. Conduct a schedule risk analysis.
      6. Make adjustments if necessary.
      7. Here's what else to consider.
  • How do you read a schedule of values in construction?
    • So here's a complete breakdown of the data you'll find on your SOV and what it means for the status of your project:
      1. Item Number.
      2. Item Descriptor / Description of Work.
      3. Item Value / Scheduled Value.
      4. Amount Previously Billed.
      5. Amount Billed This Period.
      6. Amount of Stored Materials.
      7. Total Value.
      8. Percentage Complete.
  • What is the construction schedule basics?
    • A construction schedule is a timeline for a building project that construction managers use to determine the order and duration of construction activities. Construction schedules also track milestones, deliverables, and dependencies to help ensure projects stay on schedule and on budget.

  • What does a construction schedule look like?
    • A construction schedule is a timeline for every task and event in a construction project. The construction schedule is a fundamental part of the project planning phase, as it also defines the resources needed and the teams responsible for each task in the construction process.

  • What is the construction schedule sequence?
    • Construction sequencing (also referred to as construction scheduling) involves following a specified schedule that coordinates the timing of earth-disturbing activities and the installation of erosion and sediment control (ESC) practices and post-construction stormwater controls.

  • What is the first you should do to prepare for a construction project?
    • Steps Involved in Site Preparation for Construction Projects
      1. Site Clearing. Clearing the site is the very first step in site preparation.
      2. Site Surveying. You might not be sure if you are building on the right block if survey pegs do not determine the building block.
      3. Soil testing.
      4. Site Plan Design.
      5. Site Investigation.
  • What are the 7 steps of construction?
    • Here's the process:
      • Step 1: Design. During this phase, the client places a project for bidding.
      • Step 2: Pre-Construction.
      • Step 3: Procurement.
      • Step 4: Construction.
      • Step 5: Commissioning.
      • Step 6: Owner Occupancy.
      • Step 7: Project Closeout.
  • What are the 7 phases of construction project?
    • This course describes the fundamental elements of a project's lifecycle stages, including Stage 1 - Conception, Stage 2 - Planning & Design, Stage 3 - Construction, Stage 4 - Commissioning & Turnover, Stage 5 - Occupancy or Use, Stage 6 - Renewal, and Stage 7 - Demolition.

  • What are the 3 things necessary before construction takes place?
    • The pre-construction phase includes creating a strategic plan for the project, creating a design, securing permits or entitlements, and gathering the labor and resources required for construction.

  • What are the 12 steps of construction?
    • 12 Stages of Construction
      • Preparing the Site. The construction personnel free the site of obstructions that may hinder the construction process.
      • Site Layout and Staking.
      • Excavation.
      • Floor Slabs.
      • Framing — Walls & Roof Structure.
      • Roofing.
      • External Finishing.
      • Windows and Doors.
  • What is the description of construction phase?
    • The construction phase is the physical process of building and all other associated activities such as landscaping, refurbishing, site clearance, and demolition. The contractor typically performs the construction work.

  • What are the 4 stages of construction phase?
    • Planning, Preconstruction, Construction & Close-Out

      The construction process is typically divided into 4 essential phases: Planning, Preconstruction, Construction and Close-out.

  • What is a phased approach on a construction project?
    • Phased construction is where a project is broken down into smaller projects, and phases are carried out over months or even years. It is a preferred approach to a project where there could be financial restrictions, a risk to income or high levels of complexity.

  • What are the 7 stages of construction?
    • Here's the process:
      • Step 1: Design. During this phase, the client places a project for bidding.
      • Step 2: Pre-Construction.
      • Step 3: Procurement.
      • Step 4: Construction.
      • Step 5: Commissioning.
      • Step 6: Owner Occupancy.
      • Step 7: Project Closeout.
  • What are the 5 phases of a construction project?
    • Here's how the typical five stages of the construction process break down.
      • Phase 1: Pre-Design (Project Initiation)
      • Phase 2: Design (Pre-Construction)
      • Phase 3: Procurement.
      • Phase 4: Construction and Monitoring.
      • Phase 5: Post-Construction (Closeout)
      • Create a Detailed Plan.
      • Efficiently Track Project Progress.
  • What is a routine in a project?
    • Routine project means a project with an anticipated cost for services less than that allowed in a major project as set forth in the DPMC's policy.

  • What is the difference between a project and a routine?
    • Projects require initiating, planning, executing, monitoring, controlling, closing. Projects are defined in time where they have start and end dates. This is very different from routine work. Routine work is low complexity things that can be done with a brain on AFK mode.

  • What is a schedule in construction?
    • A construction schedule is a tool used by contractors to track the progress of a project. The schedule includes a list of all the activities that need to be completed, as well as the timeframe for each activity.

  • What is the purpose of a routine?
    • Routines help us to create positive daily habits that promote self-care. We can organize our time around things that we deem important to maintain happiness and feelings of fulfillment.

  • How do I create a construction project list?
    • It's key to concentrate on the unique selling points that you want to present to potential employers, but make sure you also include the basic, but important, details of each project you put on your project list. State the dollar value, square footage, and length of each project, as well as the headcount you managed.

  • How do I create a project list for a job application?
    • Make sure to include the project name, the company or organization you worked for, the dates you worked on the project, and the results you achieved. Use action verbs and quantify your achievements to convey your impact. Tailor your project list to the job you're applying for to make it more relevant to the position.

  • What is the checklist at the end of a construction project?
    • Post-construction closeout documents include final inspection reports punch lists as-built drawings operation/maintenance manuals warranty documents Notice of Completion Certificate of Occupancy Release of Liens Final Payment Application and Project Closeout Report.

  • What should a project list look like?
    • Each item on your list should include:
      • Title: Include both the project title and your job title at the top.
      • Timeline: Add the period of time you worked on each project.
      • Description: Use a bullet list to describe the project and your role within it.
  • What is a construction project checklist?
    • Construction checklists detail specific information of activities and phases in your project. Construction checklists can categorise particular items, materials, equipment, tasks, etc. in a more meticulous manner. Construction checklists break down complex activities into simple actionable components.

  • Which process is used to plan and execute large projects such as the construction?
    • This process is known as the project management lifecycle, and it is the lifeblood of successful projects. Moreover, this cycle allows project managers to plan each task and activity meticulously to ensure the highest chances of success.

  • What is a Cross-Functional process?
    • Last updated on Sep 13, 2023. Cross-functional processes are those that involve multiple teams or departments working together to achieve a common goal, such as launching a new product, resolving a customer complaint, or improving a business metric.

  • What are the 3 types of processes?
    • The 3 main types of process: management, implementation and support In the context of the cross-functional management of an organization, it is essential to model and control its processes.

  • What is the term for the business process of acquiring needed materials to manufacture a product?
    • Procurement

      Procurement is a strategic process that involves the acquisition of goods and services. Unlike purchasing, it consists of a series of steps that are usually taken by businesses to meet certain needs, such as production, inventory, and sales. It often involves a series of documents like demands and receipts for payment.

  • What is a process planning called?
    • Process planning is also called: manufacturing planning, process planning, material processing, process engineering, and machine routing.

  • How do you make a simple construction schedule?
    • How To Make A Construction Schedule: Step-by-step Guide
      1. Research the Project Thoroughly.
      2. Gather Information From All Subcontractors.
      3. Create a Detailed List of Tasks.
      4. Identify Possible Risks.
      5. Choose an Appropriate Construction Scheduling Tool.
      6. Finalize the Project Scope.
      7. Determine a Timeline for All Tasks.
  • How do you make a construction project schedule?
    • How to Create a Construction Schedule
      1. Know the project.
      2. Create a work breakdown structure (WBS)
      3. Assign tasks and durations.
      4. Connect tasks based on their predecessors and successors.
      5. Review the schedule.
      6. Continually update and review the schedule.
  • What should be included in a construction schedule?
    • A construction schedule includes:
      1. Project deliverables.
      2. Resource management.
      3. Asset allocations.
      4. Tasks required to finish construction.
      5. Dependencies between different tasks.
      6. Construction deadlines and task durations.
      7. Budget and costing of involved parts.
  • What is the best method for scheduling construction activities?
    • The most widely used scheduling technique is the critical path method (CPM) for scheduling, often referred to as critical path scheduling. This method calculates the minimum completion time for a project along with the possible start and finish times for the project activities.

  • Does Excel have a construction schedule template?
    • Free Excel construction templates are pre-built project management templates that you can use to plan, manage, and track your projects from beginning to end. With a construction template, you can organize project details, manage documents, and track the progress of the project.

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