The builders were a society of hunter-fisher-gatherers, identified as the Poverty Point culture, who inhabited stretches of the Lower Mississippi Valley and surrounding Gulf Coast. The earthworks consist of six concentric C-shaped ridges stretching three-quarters of a mile on the outermost ridge.
What are the characteristics of the mound builders?
The namesake cultural trait of the Mound Builders was the building of mounds and other earthworks. These burial and ceremonial structures were typically flat-topped pyramids or platform mounds, flat-topped or rounded cones, elongated ridges, and sometimes a variety of other forms.
What was the economy of the mound builders?
This population growth was sustained by agriculture (corn, beans, and squash)--a revolutionary new means of subsistence that became an economic mainstay during the Mississippian period. Mound construction was once again in decline by the time the first Europeans came to this region in the 1500s.
What is the Mound Builders religion?
It might be called fire worship, although it has more of the nature of a superstition than of worship. This custom, of using fire as an aid to devo tion, was not peculiar to the Mound-builders, for it was common in all parts of the world; the suttee burning of India being the most noted.
What happened to the Mound Builder societies?
Populations either died or migrated south. Those that stayed had to rely primarily on hunting. Over the following centuries, these small groups followed the large herds of buffalo and deer as they migrated from region to region.
What was the housing like in Mound Builders?
Moundbuilders lived in dome shaped homes made with pole walls and thatched roofs. Important buildings were covered with a stucco made from clay and grass. These people grew native plants like corn, pumpkins, and sunflowers. They supplemented this by hunting, fishing, and gathering nuts and berries.