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What are the phases of the design and construction process

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What are the Phases of the Design and Construction Process?

In this article, we will explore the phases of the design and construction process, providing a comprehensive overview of each stage. Whether you are an aspiring architect, a construction professional, or a curious individual interested in understanding the steps involved in bringing a building project to life, this article will serve as a valuable resource.

I. Understanding the Phases:

  1. Conceptualization Phase:

    • Defining project goals and objectives.
    • Conducting research and gathering relevant data.
    • Creating preliminary design concepts.
    • Establishing project feasibility.
  2. Schematic Design Phase:

    • Developing initial design sketches.
    • Refining the design based on client feedback.
    • Identifying potential design solutions.
    • Determining project scope and budget.
  3. Design Development Phase:

    • Translating the approved schematic design into detailed plans.
    • Incorporating structural and engineering considerations.
    • Evaluating materials, finishes, and systems.
    • Addressing any regulatory requirements.
  4. Construction Documentation Phase:

    • Preparing detailed construction drawings.
    • Generating specifications for materials and components.
    • Ensuring compliance with building codes and regulations.
    • Obtaining necessary permits and approvals

Design-Build Process Steps. The design-build process can be broken down into five main steps: team selection, project planning, design, GMP/bidding, and construction. For the most part, these steps will happen sequentially, but not necessarily independent of one another.

What are the 3 phases of the design process construction?

It's important to understand the details of the process. The three phases followed are the Design Phase, Construction Phase, and Post-Construction Phase. Design Phase - A projects begins with figuring out the scale of work, which determines project cost and provides enough information to give a beginning estimate.

What are the 7 phases of construction project?

This course describes the fundamental elements of a project's lifecycle stages, including Stage 1 - Conception, Stage 2 - Planning & Design, Stage 3 - Construction, Stage 4 - Commissioning & Turnover, Stage 5 - Occupancy or Use, Stage 6 - Renewal, and Stage 7 - Demolition.

What are the 4 phases of construction?

The construction process is typically divided into 4 essential phases: Planning, Preconstruction, Construction and Close-out.

What are the 6 stages of process design?

A UX Design Process can be defined in different ways, but the most common one holds six stages: Understand, Define, Create, Prototype, Test and Implement.

What is the scope of work in construction document?

The scope of work in construction is the list of construction obligations, as well as work activities that all contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers are obligated to do. This is all written out in an agreement or contract, which is then called the scope of work.

What is the scope of a construction project?

A construction project scope of work, sometimes called a statement of work, is like a playbook for every project. The scope of work tells a story. It includes the work to be done on a project, how the workers should complete the job, and who on the team is responsible for completing the different tasks on the project.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is an example of scope of work in construction?

The scope of work is typically accompanied by a specification, which specifies the materials and finishes being used on the project. For example, for a kitchen renovation, the scope of work should specify that the benchtop will be made from laminate.

What is a architecture construction management?

Construction management is a professional service that provides a project's owner(s) with effective management of the project's schedule, cost, quality, safety, scope, and function.

What are the 4 phases of architectural design?

What Are the 5 Phases of a Design Project? The 5 phases of a design project are Schematic Design, Design Development, Construction Documents, Bidding, and Construction Administration, according to the American Institute of Architects (AIA).

What are the four fundamental stages of construction management process?

The construction process is typically divided into 4 essential phases: Planning, Preconstruction, Construction and Close-out.

What is a punch list quizlet?

Punch List - Definition. A list of items that need to be fixed before project is considered complete. Punch List - Common Uses/Types/Reasons. • Performed at the end of the project to identify remaining issues. • Typically consists of minor and aesthetic issues (dings and scratches on the walls)

What is a facility life cycle cost study quizlet?

A facility life-cycle cost study is a: space-by-space schedule of the projected renovation needs for a given building over a very long time horizon (such as 20 to 30 years).

What are the four distinct stages of the design process?

The four distinct stages of design are programming and feasibility, schematic or conceptual design, design development, and contract documents.

What percentage of the project is schematic design?

Schematic Design is the first phase of actually designing the project. Think of it as the preliminary drawing phase. It will typically account for about 15% of the architects work and fees on the entire project.

What percentage complete is design development?

Design Development Phase (DD)

The Design Development Phase is going to be approximately 20% of the architects work and fees. In Design Development the architect and owner will work together to select materials including interior finishes and products such as windows. doors, fixtures, appliances, etc…


What are the 3 main stages of design development?
Three Phases of Design
  • Research and Investigation. I) Research and Investigation is the key to developing design solutions.
  • Concept and Design. II) Concept and Design is the phase when potential solutions are conceived and developed, based upon information gathered in the first phase.
  • Implementation and Supervision.
What is the difference between schematic design and construction documentation?
Schematic Design sets up the general idea for a project and Design Development focuses and refines it. Construction Documents fill in all the details. The final set of drawings will specify every element of the project, from the structure to the paint colors.

Does schematic design come before design development?
The design development phase occurs after a schematic design has been chosen, but before finalized construction documents are produced. During the schematic design stage, the architect produces a number of drawings embodying different directions the project could take.

What are the 7 steps of the architectural design process?
The Steps of the Architectural Process
  • Pre-Design. The architectural process begins long before your architect sits at the (figurative) drafting table.
  • Schematic Design.
  • Design Development.
  • Contract Documents.
  • Bidding/Negotiation.
  • Contract Administration (Construction)
  • Post-Occupancy.
What program do architects use for plans?

On a general level, students and new designers tend to prefer Maya, SketchUp, and ArchiCAD. These software offer lower prices and more flexibility than many others. Others prefer more established architectural software. AutoCAD, for example, has been an industry standard for many years.

What are the 5 stages of the architectural design process?

The 5 phases of a design project are Schematic Design, Design Development, Construction Documents, Bidding, and Construction Administration, according to the American Institute of Architects (AIA).

Do architects do construction drawings?
Project owners can expect to view many sets of drawings from both the engineers and architects working on their build. All of these drawings are essential, and they all work together. The process requires that both engineers and architects create a progressive set of construction documents.

How do architects run a project?
Architecture Explained: The Phases of Designing & Building a...
  1. PRE-DESIGN. Pre-design is an information gathering phase that will be the foundation for the design phases to follow.
What is a construction design process?

The architectural design process is made up of seven phases: pre-design, schematic design, design development, construction documents, building permits, bidding and negotiation and construction administration. These phases put realistic project deliverables and deadlines in place.

What are the phases of the design and construction process

What are the 5 stages of building design?

There are 5 design phases to architectural services. They are (in order) Schematic Design, Design Development, Construction Documents, Bidding, and Construction Administration. These phases are the breakdown of how architects define their design services. They are the steps of an architect's role in design.

What are the steps of the design process? What are the 7 steps in the design process?
  • Identifying the problem.
  • Researching it in-depth.
  • Ideating possible solutions.
  • Evaluating and selecting a promising solution.
  • Creating a prototype.
  • Testing and troubleshooting.
  • Making improvements to and releasing the final product.
What are the 5 stages of construction project? Here's how the typical five stages of the construction process break down.
  • Phase 1: Pre-Design (Project Initiation)
  • Phase 2: Design (Pre-Construction)
  • Phase 3: Procurement.
  • Phase 4: Construction and Monitoring.
  • Phase 5: Post-Construction (Closeout)
  • Create a Detailed Plan.
  • Efficiently Track Project Progress.
What are the 7 steps in design process? Here is a comprehensive overview.
  • Define the Problem. Understanding a problem is the first step towards solving it.
  • Conduct Research.
  • Brainstorm & Conceptualize.
  • Create a Prototype.
  • Select & Finalize.
  • Product Analysis.
  • Improve Product Design.
  • Big Bolt Makes The Design Process Easier.
What is a 35% design? Conceptual and Schematic Design (sometimes referred to as SDs or 35%): At this stage the design is only going to be a few pages. We should be ensuring the design is feasible and we are looking for value engineering opportunities.

What is included in 30% design plans?


This phase aims to lay out the major design elements of your project and establish a cost and timeline. Along with the drawings, the project's scope, schedule, and budget will be fine-tuned in this stage.

What does 50% design development mean?

Design Development means architectural plans and specifications that are fifty percent (50%) complete and generally include: outline specifications (detention hardware, equipment, and furnishings); floor plans (to scale with dimensions, room designations, references, wall types, and ratings); building sections (heights

What are 50% construction drawings?

50% Base Building Construction Documents means plans and specifications for the construction of the Base Building Improvements that are prepared in substantial accordance with the Approved Building Schematics and are approximately fifty percent (50%) complete.

What does 30% design mean?

30% Design Submittal has the meaning as set out in Schedule 18 – Technical Requirements; 30% Design Submittal means the Design Submittal that exists at the time this Agreement is executed, which included conceptual design of the alignment, station, and park-and-ride facilities.

  • What is the construction documentation stage?
    • Construction document phase consists of preparation of drawings and specifications establishing the requirements for the construction of the project. The construction documents describe the quality, configuration, size, and relationship of all components to be incorporated into the project.

  • What is included in construction documents?
    • What are Construction Documents?
      • Bidding documents.
      • Architectural drawings.
      • Schedules.
      • Work orders.
      • Safety reports.
      • Certificates of insurance.
      • Subcontractor applications.
  • How long do house blueprints take?
    • Four to six months

      How Long Does It Take an Architect to Draw Plans? Four to six months is the time it takes to go from ideas in notes and pictures to a full set of heavily-detailed technical construction documents that a construction team can use to create your family's dream custom home.

  • Does the term construction documents mean just drawings?
    • Whether written or graphic, printed or digital, construction documents define all the requirements of a construction project in detail. This includes everything from bidding documents, drawings, and technical specifications to the construction contract agreement and its various components.

  • What are the stages of documentation?
    • No matter which method you use, there are a few key steps to process documentation.
      • Identify the process. First, identify the process you are documenting.
      • Place boundaries.
      • List the expected result.
      • Detail the inputs.
      • Walk through the process.
      • Determine who is involved.
      • Utilize your process documentation system.
  • What are architectural drawings in construction?
    • Architecture drawings are important for several reasons: They help owners and project planners understand how a building will look and function when it's finished. They give necessary information and instructions so the construction crew can build the structure.

  • How do I find architectural drawings of a building?
    • Call or visit the city building department and request original building plans for the existing structure in question. If the building department doesn't have an original copy of the structure's building plans, they may have information on the architect that designed the structure, who may have original copies.

  • How are architectural drawings done?
    • Architectural drawings are made according to a set of conventions, which include particular views (floor plan, section etc.), sheet sizes, units of measurement and scales, annotation and cross referencing.

  • Who provides construction drawings?
    • Architect

      The construction documents produced by an architect are used by all the participants in the building process. This includes the authorities or private certifiers who must approve the completed building and the various sub-contractors responsible for individual elements and building products.

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