The Aswan High Dam brought the Nile's devastating floods to an end, reclaimed more than 100,000 acres of desert land for cultivation, and made additional crops possible on some 800,000 other acres.
How did the Aswan Dam affect Egypt?
The High Dam has resulted in protection from floods and droughts, an increase in agricultural production and employment, electricity production, and improved navigation that also benefits tourism. Conversely, the dam flooded a large area, causing the relocation of over 100,000 people.
How has the Aswan Dam changed the environment?
On the negative side, the following problems may be included: (1) Loss of soil fertility due to salinization caused by excessive irrigation water; (2) coastal and riverine erosion; (3) undermining of ancient mon- uments due to reservoir-induced seismicity and high water table level; and (4) lowering of water quality
How was the construction of the Aswan High Dam beneficial to the people of Egypt?
With a reservoir capacity of 132km³, the Aswan High Dam provides water for around 33,600km² of irrigation land. It serves the irrigation needs of both Egypt and Sudan, controls flooding, generates power, and helps in improving navigation across the Nile.
How does the Aswan High Dam change the Nile?
The construction of the dam, while doing a lot of good for the Egyptian economy, also caused major changes to the river's ecosystem. The dam stopped the floods of the Nile, which brought with it silt, naturally fertilizing the farmland.
Who built the Aswan Dam and why?
Aswan Low Dam, 1898–1902
Construction lasted until 1902 and the dam was opened on 10 December 1902. The project was designed by Sir William Willcocks and involved several eminent engineers, including Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Aird, whose firm, John Aird & Co., was the main contractor.