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What does ve stand for in construction

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What Does VE Stand for in Construction in the US?

In the world of construction, there are numerous acronyms and abbreviations that industry professionals use to streamline communication and simplify complex concepts. One such acronym that is often encountered in construction documents and discussions is VE. But what does VE stand for in construction, specifically in the United States? In this expert review, we will delve into the meaning of VE in construction, its significance, and how it affects the industry.

VE stands for Value Engineering in the construction industry. It is a systematic and organized approach to improving the value of a project while simultaneously reducing costs. Value Engineering aims to optimize the functionality, quality, and overall value of a construction project through the rigorous analysis of various design elements, materials, and construction methods.

The concept of Value Engineering originated during World War II when resources were scarce, and the need to maximize efficiency and cost-effectiveness was paramount. Since then, it has become an integral part of the construction industry, enabling professionals to strike a balance between project requirements and financial constraints.

Value Engineering involves a multidisciplinary team of experts, including architects, engineers, contractors, and other stakeholders. The team works collaboratively to identify and evaluate potential alternatives that can enhance the project's value without compromising its intended purpose.

Title: Decoding Builder's Terms: What Do They Really Mean? Meta-description: Curious about the meaning behind common builder's terms? This article dives into the world of construction jargon, shedding light on what these phrases truly signify. Discover the key terms and their implications in the US construction industry. Introduction: Have you ever found yourself lost in a conversation with a builder, feeling like they're speaking a different language? Fear not! We're here to unravel the mysterious world of builder's terms, ensuring you can hold your own in any construction-related discussion. From foundations to finishes, let's dive into what these terms really mean and how they impact construction projects in the United States. # Foundation: Laying the Groundwork # The foundation is the literal groundwork for any building project. It refers to the structural base that supports the entire structure. Here are a few key terms related to foundations: 1. Footings: These are concrete structures that provide support and stability to the foundation walls. They distribute the weight of the building evenly. 2. Slab-on-Grade: This refers to a concrete slab that serves as both the foundation and the floor of a building. It is commonly used in residential construction. 3. Piers: These are vertical structural elements that transfer the

Table of Contents

What does H stand for in construction?

H - hydraulic head. H&S - Health and Safety. H/L - High Level. Ha - Hectares. HA - Highways Agency.

What does red mean in construction?

Below is the color coding system: RED: Electric Power Lines, Cables, Conduit and Lighting Cables. YELLOW: Gas, Oil, Steam, Petroleum or Gaseous Materials. ORANGE: Communication, Alarm or Signal Lines, Cables or Conduits. BLUE: Potable, Water.

What is HV construction?

Extra low voltage (ELV) means voltage of 50V or less (AC RMS), or 120V or less (ripple-free DC). Low voltage (LV) means voltage greater than ELV, but not more than 1000V (AC RMS) or 1500V (ripple-free DC). High voltage (HV) means voltage greater than low voltage.

What are the abbreviations on blueprints?

Architects commonly abbreviate measurements, such as edge distance (ED), far side (FS), and inner diameter (ID). Materials are also often abbreviated such as gypsum (Gyp.), laminated veneer lumber (L.V.L.), and masonry (Mas.). Items to consider when you read a floor plan are abbreviated, such as not to scale (N.T.S.).

What is H in floor plan?

And greatly increased its utility. The wings were private retreats from the public hall. And it's smoke and soot. These wings sometimes even functioned as entirely separate living quarters.

What is the definition of earthwork?

Art that is made by shaping the land itself or by making forms in the land using natural materials like rocks or tree branches. Earthworks range from subtle, temporary interventions in the landscape to significant, sculptural, lasting alterations made with heavy earth-moving machinery.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the types of earthwork in construction?

The major types of earthwork projects include: • Transportation projects, which require embankments, roadways, and bridge approaches. Water control, which usually involves dams, levies, and canals. Landfill closures, which need impervious caps.

What does VCS stand for in construction?

Verified Carbon Standard

VCS - Verified Carbon Standard. VCSE - Voluntary, Community and Social Enterprises. VCT - Vinyl composition tile. VCU - Verified Carbon Unit. VDC - Virtual Design and Construction.

What is the full form of VC in position?

VC is a written abbreviation for vice-chancellor.

What does cutting mean in vocabulary?

Definitions of cutting. the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge. synonyms: cut.

What is it called when you cut something into pieces?

Chop means to cut something into pieces. He was chopping vegetables to make a stew. She's out chopping wood for the fire. When you cut something into thin, flat pieces, you can use the word slice.

What is another word for cut or trim?

Other words for trim

1shear, shave, cut, lop
6deck, bedeck, ornament, embellish, garnish
17adornment, garnish
25compact, trig, spruce

What is the acronym for construction management?

CM – Construction Management or Construction Manager – This refers to the practice of overseeing construction project progress and performance.

What is the meaning of filling to excavation?

“Excavation” means the removal of earth material by artificial means, also referred to as a cut. F. “Fill” is the deposition of earth materials by artificial means.

What is soil removed from an excavation called?

Spoils—The materials (dirt, earth) that are removed from an excavated area.

What is the difference between backfill and excavation?

Excavation – also referred to as land clearing – is when plants, trees, dirt, and debris are removed from the site to clear space for the project. Backfilling is the process of compacting the soil back into the project area, and it helps to protect any structure built on it.

What is earth filling in construction?

Earthfill is composed of natural earth materials that can be placed and compacted by construction equipment oper- ated in a conventional manner.

What is cut and fill excavation?

In excavation, cut and fill is the process of constructing a railway, road or canal whereby the amount of material from cuts roughly matches the amount of fill needed to make nearby embankments, so minimizing the amount of construction labor. Various sections of a roadway design will require bringing in earth.

What is a hole in construction?

OSHA's construction fall protection rule, 29 CFR Subpart M §1926.500, defines these terms as follows: "Hole means a gap or void 2 inches (5.1 cm) or more in its least dimension, in a floor, roof, or other walking/working surface."

What are the holes in the wall in a house called?

Wall weep holes are were the majority of issues arise with HOA structures. Weep holes are holes placed in exterior walls of a structure which allow water to vent to the outside, ensuring that moisture cannot accumulate behind the walls.

What do you call holes in castle walls?

An embrasure (or crenel or crenelle; sometimes called gunhole in the domain of gunpowder-era architecture) is the opening in a battlement between two raised solid portions (merlons). Alternatively, an embrasure can be a space hollowed out throughout the thickness of a wall by the establishment of a bay.

What are the holes in the wall architecture?

Putlog holes may extend through a wall to provide staging on both sides of the wall. A historically common type of scaffolding, putlog holes date from ancient Roman buildings. The term putlock and the newer term putlog date from the 17th century and are still used today.

What is the engineering word for hole?

In engineering, machining, and tooling, a hole may be a blind hole or a through hole (also called a thru-hole or clearance hole). A blind hole is a hole that is reamed, drilled, or milled to a specified depth without breaking through to the other side of the workpiece.

What does the abbreviation did stand for?

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a mental health condition. Someone with DID has multiple, distinct personalities. The various identities control a person's behavior at different times. The condition can cause memory loss, delusions or depression.

What are the typical construction abbreviations?

Construction Drawing Abbreviations
  • ABV. - Above.
  • A.B. - Anchor Bolt.
  • A/C - Air Conditioner.
  • A.D. - Access Door.
  • ADD. - Addition.
  • ADJ. - Adjust.
  • A.F.F. - Above Finished Floor.
  • A.F.G. - Above Finished Grade.

What is the long form of did?

DID: Direct Inward Dial. DID is an abbreviation of "Direct Inward Dial". It is a service based on telecommunication, which is provided by telephone corporations to those peoples who maintains a connection of private branch exchange (PBX) system on a usual basis.

What is RR abbreviation for?


RR is a written abbreviation for railroad. [US]

What is R&R in construction terms?

“R&R” is the term contractors frequently use (and that you may see on their invoice) to mean “remove and replace.” It describes a simple renovation project that involves removing and replacing cabinetry, fixtures, and/or appliances without structural or mechanical changes (the latter of which is something you might do

What is the R in construction?

In the context of construction, the R-value is a measure of how well a two-dimensional barrier, such as a layer of insulation, a window or a complete wall or ceiling, resists the conductive flow of heat.

What does RR stand for in real estate?

INTENT: The “RR” designation is intended to permit larger-lot single-family dwelling units with ancillary rural uses in areas away from developed communities. Small-scale agriculture, including limited commercial agricultural activities, is permitted. PERMITTED USES.

What is the RR address abbreviation?

Rural route

A rural route is a mail delivery route in an area away from any large towns or cities. The abbreviation RR is also used. Use the P.O. box, rural route or box number for destinations without street addresses.

What does MH stand for in construction drawings?

MGD – Make Good Defects. MH - Major Hazards. MH - Manhole. MHAU - Major Hazards Assessment Unit.

What is the abbreviation MH?

1. Medal of Honor. 2. Most Honorable. Webster's New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition.

What is MH in engineering?

"mH" stands for millihenry, which is a unit of measurement for inductance. Inductance is the ability of a circuit or com. Loring Chien. electrical engineer and audiophile for 45 years Author has 60.8K answers and 185.4M answer views 6y. There is a mH used in electronics but it has nothing to do with batteries.

What is MH in civil engineering?

MH - Manhole. FSL - Full Supply Level.

What does its stand for in construction?

Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Construction Engineering Inspection is vital to the success of modern infrastructure projects. As technology continually improves, we find ways to incorporate computer systems into roadways, keeping drivers safer and more informed.

What does the SKA rating stand for?

The SKA rating is a Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) environmental assessment method, benchmark and standard for non-domestic fit outs. It helps landlords and tenants assess fit out projects against a set of sustainability good practice criteria known as good practice measures (GPM).

What is the difference between SKA and breeam?

What are the key differences between them? The key differences between the four standards are: BREEAM, LEED and WELL apply to all phases of the build and cover new builds and fit-out/refurbishment, where as SKA is project driven and only covers fit-out/refurbishment.

What are the levels of SKA rating?

Whereas SKA Rating only has three certification levels, Gold, Silver and Bronze.

Why is the SKA important?

The Square Kilometre Array, or SKA will be the largest and most sensitive radio telescope on Earth. Radio emissions from the furthest reaches of space, reach Earth…and are detected by the SKA telescopes.

What does VE stand for in construction terms?

Value Engineering

VE: VE is short for Value Engineering. VE is a nice way of saying that you are making changes and decisions to lower the construction cost of your building after the design process has already begun or been completed. Vernacular: In architecture, Vernacular is a term used to mean of the local tradition.

What is a VE project?

Simply stated, VE is an organized application of common sense and technical knowledge directed at finding and eliminating unnecessary costs in a project. The "systematic application of recognized techniques," referred to in the above definition is embodied in the VE Job Plan.

What does VE stand for in engineering?

Value Engineering (VE) is concerned with new products. It is applied during product development. The focus is on reducing costs, improving function or both, by way of teamwork-based product evaluation and analysis. This takes place before any capital is invested in tooling, plant or equipment.

What are VE options in construction?

VE stands for Value Engineering...or as we in the industry say, Vicious Elimination. Theoretically, Value Engineering is the practice of helping the owner select the best options for the best prices, thus giving the owner the best value. The most bang for their buck.

What is a VE workshop?

Held during the design phase of the project, the value engineering workshop involves the project team who reviews the proposed project, performs a functional analysis of the facility, obtains the owner's definition of value, defines key criteria for the project, and offers alternative solutions for the project.

What is the abbreviation for construction administration?

CA – Construction Administration – This refers to services offered by an architect, engineer, or designer during the construction phase, such as responding to requests for information and reviewing submittals and shop drawings.

What does LL stand for in construction?

LL - Live Load. LL - Low Level. LLA - Local Landscape Area.

What is the abbreviation for construction?

There are three common abbreviations of construction: const., constr., constrn. If you want to make any of these plural, simply add on an “s.”

What is the abbreviation for construction documents?

CDs (Construction Documents)

A term used to represent all final drawings, specifications, addenda and other relevant construction information associated with the construction of a specific project.

What is the abbreviation for administrators?

Admin is an abbreviation of administrative. Admin is the activity or process of organizing an institution or organization. Admin is an abbreviation of administration.

What is an SK sheet?

SK sheets are the official format for issuing corrections, clarifications, changes, and other additional information after the construction set is issued.

What is an ASI in construction?

An ASI is a form used by an architect to specify additional instructions and interpretations relating to a set of architectural plans. An ASI is also issued to order minor changes in the architectural work to be accomplished, changes that may vary from the original plans.

What is an ask in construction?

I talked to an Architect co-worker of mine who said that the A means architectural either before or after the SK. Thus, SK= sketch, and ASK or SKA= Architectural sketch. He also said that this all depends on the policy of an office or a firm. These are not firm set standards, just common lingo of the business.

What is the meaning of sq in civil?

SQ.FT. - Square feet.

What is CSK in engineering drawing?

C'BORE or CBORE or. counterbore. CSK or CSINK or. countersink.

What does PCF stand for in construction?

PCF: Pounds Per Cubic Foot. PLF: Pounds Per Linear Foot.

What does the unit PCF stand for?

To calculate total cubic footage combine the number of pieces with the cubic feet of each shipment. That will get you Total Cubic Feet and Pounds Per Cubic Foot (PCF).

What does PCF stand for in concrete?

Regular weight concrete is between 145-150 pounds per cubic foot (pcf).

What does CCF mean in construction?

Abbreviation;: CCF-capital construction facility.

What is PCF infrastructure?

The main purpose of Pivotal Cloud Foundry is to provide the underlying infrastructure and environments that organizations need to facilitate the continuous delivery of software updates, manage the application life cycle and streamline the development, deployment, and scaling of web-based applications.

What is a DA project?

Development application (DA):

A DA is the “concept” that you submit to the local council for approval when you want to undertake new building work or renovations to a property that already exists. If you consider a building project in three stages — DA, CC, and build — DA is the first stage.

What is a DA drawing?

A "DA" is the short term for Development application, you need minimal documentation and is an application for Council to assess your proposal, ensures that your plans meet the legislative and Council requirements. A "CC" is again a short term and stands for construction certificate.

What is the difference between BA and DA?

While data analysts and business analysts both use data, the primary difference lies in what they do with it. Business analysts work with data and explore it primarily to make better business decisions. On the other hand, data analysts work with data that is related to the logistical databases of an organization.

What does CDC mean building?

Complying Development Certificate

A Complying Development Certificate (CDC) is a combined planning and construction approval for straightforward developments. A CDC can be approved when a proposed development complies with pre-determined development standards set under State Environmental Planning Policies (SEPP).

What does D.A. stand for?

District Attorney

DA. abbreviation for. (in the US) District Attorney.

What does builders terms mean?

Nov 27, 2017 — Builders Terms are literally just that; special terms that you would provide to a builder. Most commonly, you would see the vendor allowing 

What is llw in construction

Jan 30, 2023 — LTEL - Long Term Exposure Limit. LTHW - Low Temperature Hot Water. LTI - Lost Time Incident. LTIS - Long-term investment scenarios. LTP - Local 

What is DSA in construction?

Division of the State Architect

The Division of the State Architect (DSA) provides design and construction oversight for K–12 schools, community colleges, and various other state-owned and state-leased facilities to ensure that they comply with all structural, accessibility, and fire and life safety codes.

What requires DSA approval?

Certify Construction Projects for School, Essential Services Facilities. California public K–12 schools, community colleges, and state-owned and leased essential services buildings must obtain certification of construction from the Division of the State Architect (DSA).

What is a DSA certification?

A project certification is acknowledged by a DSA letter certifying that the building project has been completed in accordance with the requirements as to the safety of design and construction pursuant to the respective statutory requirements.

What agency is DSA?

The Directorate of Security Assistance (DSA) provides policy oversight, guidance, planning, coordination, and direction for the execution of and improvements to security assistance and equipping programs.

What is DSA in simple terms?

Data structures and algorithms (DSA) are an important aspect of any programming language. Every language has its own data structures and its way of handling different types of algorithms.

What is an example of earthwork?

Typical earthworks include road construction, railway beds, causeways, dams, levees, canals, and berms. Other common earthworks are land grading to reconfigure the topography of a site, or to stabilize slopes.

What is an earthwork in civil engineering?

Earthworks are engineering works carried out in and with granular soils, i.e. the movement of earth by means of excavation and filling. Earthworks are one of the cornerstones of civil engineering and form the basis for other fields of construction.

What is included in earthworks?

Earthworks are considered to be any alteration to the land contour or disturbance of land. These include the importation of clean fill, excavation, backfilling, retaining or re-compaction of existing natural ground that is, or will be, associated with the construction of a building or incidental structure.

What is difference between excavation and earthwork?

Topsoil excavation involves shallower excavations than earthworks and generally refers to the removal of vegetation from the ground. This phase is essential for laying the groundwork for further excavation and/or for preparing soil suitable for future construction.

What are 2 types of earthworks?

In general earthwork can be classified into four broad categories:
  • Initial clearance of vegetation and trees and stripping of top soil.
  • Excavation to form trenches or pits, known as confined excavations.
  • Cuttings, known as open excavations.
  • Construction of embankments and filled areas.

What does efco stand for in construction

EFCO offers formwork and shoring solutions for all types of concrete construction projects. ... EFCO, formerly known as Economy Forms Corporation, is 

What is the slang term for carpenters?


Chippy – a popular site term for a carpenter (i.e one who 'chips' wood). Cowboy – a charlatan, chancer, one who masquerades as a skilled craftsman but who in reality has few qualifications or skills to do the work. Cowboys often have more success with those of limited knowledge concerning building construction.


What are telephone pole workers called?
Electrical linemen install and repair electrical power lines and telecommunications cables. These professionals are also called electrical lineworkers, electrical line installers, and repairers and electrical power line technicians.

What is the slang for voltage tester?

Top Definition

The "Wiggy" is a simple, extremely durable line voltage indicator (tester).

What is the slang term for electrician?
Sparky Definition - Electrician's Slang.

What is the slang word for bricklayer?
A derisive term for a basketball player who constantly misses shot attempts, often spectacularly.

What does PO stand for in construction?

The construction purchase order (PO) is a document that outlines the price and quantity of goods or services necessary to complete a project contract as agreed upon by two parties — the buyer and the seller.

What is a purchase order in architecture?

A purchase order in construction is similar to a contract, as it is a request from one person to another about purchasing an item. While any purchase order can, and normally is, viewed as a contract, it should never be considered as a true contract.

What is the difference between a purchase order and a subcontract?

However, a contractor often will also write purchase orders for miscellaneous goods that have no relationship to a particular prime contract. In the case of subcontract agreements, however, there must be preexisting related prime contracts.

What is procurement process in construction?

Procurement is the process of securing products and services needed to complete a construction project on time and within budget. It is handled by a project manager and typically includes the following five areas of responsibility: Define project requirements. Solicit bids for and select services.

What does PO stand for or mean?

What P.O. Means Today. “P.O.” stands for “post office.” Today, the post office is a government-operated postal service that delivers mail and packages to homes and businesses. The post office also provides other services, such as money orders and postage stamps.

What is construction site covering called?
Exterior construction cover-up (also known as hoarding) usually consists of vertical sheets of plywood or metal fencing erected around construction sites to prevent pedestrians from being injured and also to prevent site entry by unauthorized personnel.

What is excavation grading terms?

“Excavation” is the mechanical removal of earth material. “Fill” is the deposit of earth material placed by mechanical means. “Grade” shall mean to vertical location of the ground surface. “Natural grade” is the ground surface unaltered by artificial means.

What is grading in construction terms?

Grading in construction, typically called site grading, refers to the act of ensuring a level base or getting a specific slope on the land. This is an essential part of site preparation, which needs to be done before construction begins.

What is a toe key in construction?

“Key” means a compacted fill placed in a trench excavated in earth material beneath the toe of a slope.

What is a covered structure in front of the entrance to a building called?

Definitions of portico. a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area.

What is construction CDC?

Complying development is a combined planning and construction approval for development that meets pre-determined development standards. Determination of a complying development certificate (CDC) relies on a code-based assessment. The local council or a private accredited certifier can issue a CDC.

What is the process for CDC?

Your nominated certifier will receive a system-generated email advising them that your application has been sent to them for consideration. the certifier will conduct a pre-assessment review and advise if any additional or revised documents are required. a fee quote will be issued for your review.

How long does CDC take NSW?

Between 20 and 40 days

Depending on the workload of the council officer or certifier, the quality of your application, and the complexity of the proposed project, it will take between 20 and 40 days to get CDC approval. It may take longer if your application is missing documents, contains errors, or requires additional information.

What does DA stand for in architecture?

It is common to hear the acronyms DA and BA in the world of planning and building certification, but how do they differ and what do they mean? Firstly, a DA stands for Development Application/Approval.

What CDC stands for?

Centers for Disease Control and PreventionCenters for Disease Control and Prevention / Full name

CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What does HDR mean in construction?

HDR: Header. HTG: Heating. HVAC: Heating, Ventilation-Air Conditioning.

What is the FDN in construction?

F.C.O.: Floor cleanout. F.D.: Floor Drain. FDN.: Foundation. F.F.L.: Finished Floor Level.

What does PPC mean in construction?

PPC - Post Practical Completion.

What is ABV in construction?
Assembly-based vulnerability (ABV) is a framework for evaluating the seismic vulnerability and performance of buildings on a building-specific basis. It utilizes the damage to individual building components and accounts for the building's seismic setting, structural and nonstructural design and use.

What does HDR and SDR stand for?
High Dynamic Range (HDR) is a more advanced display technology that provides a wider range of brightness levels and colors than Standard Dynamic Range (SDR).

What is another term for construction manager?

For example, some employers may refer to a Construction Manager as either a Construction Project Manager or a Director Of Construction.

What is a funny word for a project manager?

Here are a few funny job titles for project managers: Project Promoter. Head of Herding Deadlines. Task Ticker.

What do you call a construction supervisor?

Supervisors, also known as foremen or forewomen, are usually experienced construction workers. For example, an experienced bricklayer might supervise a crew of bricklayers. Supervisors are responsible for the efficient use of labor, machines, and materials by their crews.

What is a derogatory word for a carpenter?
Chippy – a popular site term for a carpenter (i.e one who 'chips' wood). Cowboy – a charlatan, chancer, one who masquerades as a skilled craftsman but who in reality has few qualifications or skills to do the work. Cowboys often have more success with those of limited knowledge concerning building construction.

What is higher than construction manager?

A construction manager oversees all construction activities and reports to the project manager. The project manager is more responsible for the project and manages matters beyond construction activities. This means that the project manager supervises the construction manager.

What does FM mean in construction?
Facility management or facilities management (FM) is a professional management discipline focused on the efficient and effective delivery of logistics and other support services related to real property and buildings.

What does FM mean in project management?

Facility management

Facility management (FM) is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality, comfort, safety and efficiency of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and technology. View the ISO's definition of facility management.

What does FM mean in work?

The International Organisation for Standardisation defines facilities management (FM) as the “organizational function which integrates people, place and process within the built environment with the purpose of improving the quality of life of people and the productivity of the core business.”

What is a FM in real estate?
Facilities management can be defined as the tools and services that support the functionality, safety, and sustainability of buildings, grounds, infrastructure, and real estate. Facilities management includes: Lease management, including lease administration and accounting.

What does FM mean in contract?

In contract law, force majeure (from French 'overwhelming force, superior force') is a common clause in contracts which essentially frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond the control of the parties, such as a war, strike, riot, crime, epidemic, or sudden legal

What is the construction abreviation for double wall ovens

Need to know how Wall Oven is abbreviated in Construction? The list short form for Wall Oven abbreviation in Construction.

What does PS stand for in construction?

PS stands for Provisional Sum. Provisional Sum items are similar in that they are an allowance for an unknown item but in this case it includes materials and labour.

What is PS in architecture?

A provisional sum is an amount of money included in the contract sum to cover work or materials, or both, the extent of which cannot be specifically detailed when entering a contract. Typically, builders will include a PS for sitework costs.

What does P mean on a floor plan?

Pantry STOR

Commonly Used Abbreviations

W/D – Washer and Dryer (if shown together as with the floor plan above, that indicated the appliances are stacked) P. – Pantry. STOR.

What is the abbreviation for ceiling?

CL – Centerline. CL or CLOS – Closet. CLG – Ceiling. COL – Column. CSINK – Countersink.

What does PS stand for in surveying?
Principles and Practice of Surveying (PS) Exam

The PS exam tests your ability to practice within the surveying profession competently.

What is a ridge rafter connector?

The RR ridge rafter connector provides a connection between a rafter and the ridge of a roof. Easier and stronger than toenailing or screw fastening. Top flange designed to interlock when used in pairs so that rafters maintain correct alignment. Use with rafter slopes up to 30-degrees. Min.

What is the difference between a rafter and a joist?

They are typically about 8-10 inches wide. The main difference between joists and rafters is that joists are usually more horizontal to the ground while rafters are used for steeply sloped roofs.

What metal connectors to fasten rafters to the ridge?

The Simpson RR ridge rafter connector is a specific connect for connecting rafters to ridge boards. The RR ridge rafter connector provides alignment control and correct nailing locations. The RR may be used with any rafter slope up to 30°.

What does a rafter do in a structure?

Rafters are normally made from wood or metal, and they run from one end of the roof to the other to form the main framework, meeting at the apex. They support the covering and insulation for the roof.

Do rafters need to line up at the ridge?

Must the rafters on either side of the ridge line up, or can they be staggered along the ridge board? A: Christopher DeBlois, a structural engineer with Palmer Engineering Co. in Tucker, Ga., responds: Rafters can be safely staggered across a ridge board in most situations.

What is the abbreviation for construction management?

Construction management (CM)

What does PC stand for in construction?

Practical Completion

'Practical Completion' (PC) plays an important role on construction projects, often signifying the release of retention monies, ending the contractor's liability for liquidated damages, commencing the defects liability period and passing possession of the works to the employer.

What is the abbreviation for drawing in construction?
DWG – Drawing – In computer-aided design and drafting and architectural contexts, this is an abbreviation for drawing, as in a construction sheet or blueprint.

Why are abbreviations used in construction?
To save space on blueprints and simplify information sharing, designers use a set of abbreviations and acronyms. Most of these abbreviations are standard across the trades. But some architects might use their own abbreviations that aren't standard or well known.

What does SW position mean?

Sweeper which is someone who stands behind the defenders and clears up any long passes. It was used before the offside rule was in place but it's pointless nowadays.

What is the abbreviation for CONSTruction?

CONC: Concrete. CMU: Concrete Masonry Unit. CONST: CONSTruction. CONT: Continuous.

What does SS mean on building plans?

SD – Sliding Door. SHR/SH – Shower. SS – Stainless Steel. TC – Terra Cotta. TEL – Telephone.

What does SW mean in circuits?

S indicates that the switch can also indicate conductivity. 4. SW indicates the circuit board type or gear switch.

What does SW stand for in welding?
Socket welding (SW) is used for welding pipes and fittings including reducers, tees and elbows. Socket weld pipe fittings are used to permanently join pipes that are inserted into a recess in the fitting, flange or valve.

What is the DSA in California?

Provides design and construction oversight for K–12 schools, community colleges, and various other state-owned and leased facilities.

What is DSA required for?

Data Structures and Algorithms are the most important skill every individual must have. It is a must-required skill company search for in individuals before hiring them in tech interviews. With DSA, you can work on building web applications effectively and efficiently. DSA adds many benefits to your growing career.

What is an architectural ask?

Thus, SK= sketch, and ASK or SKA= Architectural sketch.

What does a WH stand for?


The watt-hour, which is symbolized Wh, is a unit of energy equivalent to one watt of power expended for one hour of time. The watt-hour is not a standard unit in any formal system, but it is commonly used in electrical applications. An energy expenditure of 1 Wh represents 3,600 joules or 3.600 x 103 J.

What does WH stand for in a floor plan?

Water Heater

WH – Water Heater. WIC – Walk-in Closet. WS – Woodstove.

What is the meaning of Wah in construction?

The term work at height applies to a wide range of situations ranging from the obvious ones like working on platforms, ladders, scaffolds or stages to working alongside deep trenches. This is because the crucial thing to understand about work at height is that it's not how far you climb, but how far you can fall.

What is the acronym related to construction?

Construction project management acronyms

CPPC - Cost plus percentage of cost. Any time you see a construction acronym with CP, it's most often cost-plus something. PMIS - Project management information system. To some companies, this is folders and papers, to others, the information management system is software-based.

What does W and Wh stand for?

When considering electricity issues, to understand a difference between Watt (W) and Watt-hour (Wh) is important. ● W=a unit of power, the rate at which energy is generated or consumed 1000W=1kW(kilowatt) ● Wh=a unit of energy, the total amount of energy generated or consumed 1000Wh=1kWh(kilowatt hour)

What does FF mean in construction?

Finish Floor

F.F.: FF stands for Finish Floor. It is typically used as a reference and datum line from which elevation markets are indicated. FF&E: FF&E is the acronym for Furniture Fixtures & Equipment. Often, the FF&E budget is considered separate from the architectural construction budget.

What is FTP in construction?
Functional Performance Testing (FTP) in the construction industry tests air and moisture movement through a building's enclosure. Performing these tests verifies that your building components are installed correctly and operate as designed.

What is FoS in construction?

Factor of Safety

Factor of Safety (FoS) is a measure used in engineering design to represent how much greater the resisting capacity of a structure or component is relative to an assumed load. With respect to slope stability, FoS is the ratio of shear resistance to driving force along a potential failure plane.

What does DF stand for in construction?

In architecture, a daylight factor (DF) is the ratio of the light level inside a structure to the light level outside the structure.

What does LS mean in project?

Latest start time

Latest start time (LS): It is defined as the latest time an activity can start and still allow the project to be completed on estimated project completion time.

What does the unit LS stand for?
Light-second (ls), a unit of length in astronomy equivalent to the distance light travels in one second.

What is LS in architecture?

Notes: 'LS' is 'L' type building with south shelter, 'LN' is 'L' type building with north shelter, 'US' is 'U' type building with south shelter, 'UN' is 'U' type building with north shelter, 'R' is 'rectangle' building with none shelter, 'ES' is east-side shelter, 'WS' is west-side shelter and 'DS' is double-side

What does LS mean in roofing?

A2. 3.2. 4 Liner System (LS)

Uncompressed, unfaced insulation rests on top of the membrane between the purlins. For multilayer installations, the last rated R-Value of insulation is for unfaced insulation draped over purlins and then compressed when the metal roof panels are attached.

Why is it called ls?
LS stands for “luxury sport” and is what is featured in the names of most of the base models in the Chevy lineup. You'll find the LS label in certain trims of the following Chevy models: Chevy Trailblazer.

What do you call the soil removed from an excavation?
Spoils—The materials (dirt, earth) that are removed from an excavated area.

What are the three types of excavation?

Earth: This type goes another layer below the topsoil, removing earth from the surface and flattening it. Cut and fill: This excavation method strips layers from the earth and can include grading. Muck: Muck excavation removes mud, water and dirt, often moving it elsewhere to allow it to dry.

What does ve stand for in construction

What is the difference between excavation and stripping?

Types of Excavation

Also referred to as cut and fill excavation, this method is used to clear large areas where layers of topsoil and rock are removed from the ground and taken away from the site. Instead of a deep hole, stripping involves clearing a large area's topsoil with a shallow dig.

What is excavation called?

Excavation is the act or process of digging, especially when something specific is being removed from the ground. Archaeologists use excavation to find artifacts and fossils. There are many types of excavation, but they all involve digging holes in the earth.

How is top soil removed in construction? As the bulldozer moves forward, the blades break up the soil and remove any tree stumps and roots found in the ground. All tree roots and stumps are loaded into dump trucks and taken away. Next the topsoil is removed. Bulldozers push the topsoil from the site into piles called wind-rows.

What is an mob project?

Mob Programming is a software development approach where the whole team works on the same thing, at the same time, in the same space, and on the same computer.

What does mob stand for in real estate?

However, there are some niche asset classes that often get overlooked, such as medical office buildings (MOB), since they are typically perceived as complicated and more costly when compared to other property types.

Is the mob still in construction? The Mob Is Making a Comeback in Construction as Demand for New Housing Grows in NYC. A string of new prosecutions highlight how organized crime is targeting the nonunion builders of tens of millions of dollars in projects. by Tom Robbins and Greg B. Smith June 5, 2023, 5:00 a.m.

What is a mob example?

Informal : a large number of people. a mob of shoppers clogged the aisles. a team greeted by mobs of fans.

What is the full meaning of mob?

A large and disorderly crowd of people

: a large and disorderly crowd of people. especially : one bent on riotous or destructive action. 2. informal : a large number of people. a mob of shoppers clogged the aisles.

What does the word SW mean?


SW is a written abbreviation for southwest.

What is SWP in CONSTruction?

​​As part of their responsibilities to eliminate or control risks in the workplace, employers must develop a safe work procedure (SWP) for each task, piece of equipment or tool that their worker is required to perform/use as part of their job and that may expose them to an uncontrolled risk.

What does SW mean in electrical wiring?

SW1 denotes one switch in the center coil of a three-phase transformer. SW2 denotes one switch in each coil of a single-phase transformer, or two switches in the center coil of a three-phase transformer. SW3 denotes one switch in each coil of a three-phase transformer.

What is filling in construction?

A filling refers to a quantity of earthen material such as murrum, soil, rock, aggregate, shingle, and sand that is placed and compacted in trenches, foundation, and under floors for the purpose of filling in a hole or depression.

What is the definition of common fill?

DEFINITIONS. A. Common Fill: Backfill material which is not mechanically graded.

What is the best fill for compaction?

Cohesive (clay), granular (sand) and organic (for planting) are the three basic soil groups, but only two of these—cohesive and granular—are suitable for compaction.

What is a fill or backfill?

The main difference between filling and backfilling is that filling adds new material to an excavation while backfilling is the process of refilling an excavation. Backfilling is usually done at the end of a construction project, while the filling is often done throughout the project to keep the excavation stable.

What does TI stand for in construction?

The real estate definition of a TI (tenant improvements) is the customized alterations a building owner makes to rental space as part of a lease agreement, in order to configure the space for the needs of that particular tenant.

What does TI stand for in science? titanium (Ti), chemical element, a silvery gray metal of Group 4 (IVb) of the periodic table. Titanium is a lightweight, high-strength, low-corrosion structural metal and is used in alloy form for parts in high-speed aircraft.

What does TI stand for in telecommunication? Technical Implementation. Telecom implementation (TI) is TOPcom's basic project management delivery service. TI is a stand-alone service, meaning it can be purchased independent of full project management (roll-out management).

What is the full form of TI in transportation? Transport index (TI definition.

Why does T.I. stand for?


Performance Boost: 'TI' stands for 'Titanium'. In the context of graphics cards, especially those from NVIDIA, a 'TI' variant indicates a more powerful version of the base model. It's akin to an upgraded version, offering better performance.

What do they call builders?

Synonyms of builder (noun construction worker) architect. artisan. contractor. inventor.

What do you call a master builder?

A master builder or master mason is a central figure leading construction projects in pre-modern times (a precursor to the modern architect and engineer).

What is a wall builder called?

A person who constructs masonry is called a mason or bricklayer.

What is another name for a builder's level?

Also called a "dumpy" level, the builder's level is inexpensive, easy to assemble, easy to use and lightweight. There are many parts to a builder's level, but it is primarily a leveling vial attached to a telescope.

What is a builder designer called?

A building designer, also known as a draftsperson, is a professional with general knowledge of all aspects of the building trade but is not a certified architect. Building designers usually assist in the construction and renovation of light-frame structured, like residential homes and small businesses.

What is a site in building construction?

A construction site is a piece of land where all the activities related to the location of a structure take part. Usually here the landscape properties – vegetation, soil conditions, looks, etc. – are modified to provide an adequate environment for professionals to carry out with the field works.

What is a place where a building is to be constructed?

Construction site

A construction site is an area or piece of land on which construction works are being carried out.

What is a construction site covering called? Exterior construction cover-up (also known as hoarding) usually consists of vertical sheets of plywood or metal fencing erected around construction sites to prevent pedestrians from being injured and also to prevent site entry by unauthorized personnel.

Is it in construction site or on construction site? “On the construction site” sounds correct, to talk about being physically there. (I worked on the HS2 construction site.) “At the construction site” could also do, if you are citing some activities that can be undertaken or cannot be undertaken there. “In the construction site” will not do.

What is building site area?

The SA is the total area of the site within the site title boundaries (or the total area within the site title boundaries defined by the employer as the site for the building or buildings), excluding the footprint of the new building(s), measured on a horizontal plane. '

What does RFG mean? Reformulated gasoline (RFG) is gasoline blended to burn more cleanly than conventional gasoline and to reduce smog-forming and toxic pollutants in the air we breathe. The RFG program was mandated by Congress in the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments.

What is the abbreviation for building construction?

Some commonly used construction acronyms include BIM (Building Information Modeling), RFI (Request for Information), RFQ (Request for Quote), RFP (Request for Proposal), and GC (General Contractor).

What are all the abbreviation for construction?

There are three common abbreviations of construction: const., constr., constrn. If you want to make any of these plural, simply add on an “s.”

What is an RF in architecture? Reciprocal frames (RF) are a family of structures that increasingly are attracting interest from many participants in the construction industry. They offer architectural opportunities through their expressive form and structural advantages due to their specific configuration.

What does RRP mean in text?

Recommended retail price

(ɑr ɑr pi) or recommended retail price.

What does DP mean in building?

House plan abbreviations

DGDouble glazing
DHDouble hung (windows)
DPC / DPMDamp-proof course / damp-proof membrane
What does the title DP stand for?

DP (countable and uncountable, plural DPs) (film) Initialism of director of photography.

What does DPP mean in construction?

DPP denotes Detailed Planning Permission indicating that detailed plans have already been submitted to and agreed by the Local Planning Authority for the erection of a specific type and size of house. Again the documentation should be scrutinised in order that you are clear as to what is being permitted.

What does DP stand for in HVAC?

DP – Differential Pressure, Dew point temperature.

What does DB stand for in construction?


DB: Stands for design-build: A project delivery method in which the project owner contracts with a single entity for both design and construction.

What does the acronym Qar stand for? Question-Answer Relationship (QAR)

What is a Qar in engineering?

Apply Now. We are looking for talented and organized QAR's to join our teams! The QAR is responsible for Code compliance and constructability resource for Construction Management and Engineering Groups as well as provide Discipline specific installation support (ie.

What does Qar stand for in quality? Quality Assessment Review (QAR)

How does QAR work?

Question-Answer relationship (QAR) is a strategy to be used after students have read. QAR teaches students how to decipher what types of questions they are being asked and where to find the answers to them. Four types of questions are examined in the QAR.

What is a rock hauler?

You may hear an articulated truck called a rock truck, and it consists of two sections — the front tractor and the back hauler. Unlike a rigid dump truck, the articulated version has a pivot joint between the tractor and the trailer, allowing the vehicle to turn more sharply and stay stable on rough terrain.

What is the name of the rock truck?

Articulated hauler

Also known as an articulated hauler, dump hauler, or articulated dump truck, a rock truck was made for moving large amounts of heavy material around or off of a job site.

How many tons can a rock truck haul?

These powerful trucks can carry between 100 and 300 tons of rock, dirt, and other materials, making them the more cost-efficient choice for your business. Designed for the heaviest loads, they save the cost of repairing or replacing a typical dump truck used for the same purpose.

How many yards can a rock truck haul?

“Cubic yards” are also used to measure the carrying capacity of dump trucks, as well as pounds and tons. Dump trucks can usually carry about 10 to 14 cubic yards of dirt. To understand what a cubic yard looks like, it's easiest to think of one as a block of material around 3 feet in length, height, and width.

What is construction hauling?

Hauling equipment, in particular, is used to move building/drilling supplies, soil, and other materials. Below is an overview of the types of hauling equipment commonly used in construction and more: 1. Cranes.

What is the abbreviation for construction drawing? DWG – Drawing – In computer-aided design and drafting and architectural contexts, this is an abbreviation for drawing, as in a construction sheet or blueprint.

What is a PO in technical terms?

What is Purchase Order? A purchase order (PO) is the official offer documenting the exact requirement of the buyer in terms of quality, quantity, performance, pricing and payment terms for the products or services. It is issued by buyers to their suppliers.

What does ROG stand for?

(Republic Of Gamers) A brand of desktop and laptop hardware from Asus that is geared toward the gamer. The ROG brand was introduced in 2006. See gaming PC.

What does ROG stand for in business?

ROG, in business, is an acronym meaning Receipt Of Goods.

What does RG stand for in building?

A RG (Roof Garden) level in a building, also called Lower Penthouse (LPH) or a level where there is a rooftop garden in some buildings.

What does ROG stand for in law?

Interrogatories – These are written questions, casually referred to as “rogs,” that are presented to the opposing parties and must be answered under oath.

What does uno stand for in construction

U.N.O. Construction Abbreviation ; 39. U.N.O. Unless Noted Otherwise · Drawing, Design, Technology ; 22. U . N . O . Unless Noted Otherwise. Engineering, Drawings, 

What is exempt development NSW?

Exempt development is development that poses minimal impact to the environment. It includes any development that people may carry out without needing development consent. Exempt development must meet the relevant provisions of the Building Code of Australia.

What do CDC stand for?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What is CDC process?

Change data capture (CDC) refers to the process of identifying and capturing changes made to data in a database and then delivering those changes in real-time to a downstream process or system.

What is required for CDC? Valid Medical Fitness Certificate (the medical examination must be carried out no more than 18 months before this application) Copies of training certificates (if applying for CDC only) Payment & Proof of payment of fees. Security Awareness Certificate.

What is the meaning of the word fo?

Definitions of FO. an officer holding the rank of major or lieutenant colonel or colonel. synonyms: field officer, field-grade officer. type of: commissioned military officer. a commissioned officer in the Army or Air Force or Marine Corps.

What is the full form of fo?

FO Field Office. FO Front Office. FO Formatting Object (XSL) FO Foreign Office. FO Face-Off (hockey)

What does fo so mean in text?

Fo'Sho' (slang) Pronunciation spelling of for sure. 2.An "urban" version of "Fer sure"; For sure, of course, most certainly, yes that is agreeable!

What does IE mean in construction?

ID: Inner Diameter. IE: Invert Elevation. IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. In.: Inch. Insul.: Insulation.

What does AC stand for in construction? Asphalt concrete (AC) is a standard Type B asphalt concrete mixed, spread and compacted as noted in the Caltrans standards. Base material (4 -8 inches) and AC depth (2 - 6 inches) will vary depending on site specific requirements.

What does Fe stand for in construction?

Construction administration acronyms

ASP – Additional Special ProvisionsLFA - Local Force Account
FB – Finals BoxesRR – Records Reviewer
FB - FieldBook (legacy system)SC – Substantially Complete
FDM – Facilities Development ManualSF – Semi-Final Estimate
FE – Final EstimateSMA - State Municipal Agreement
What is the term i.e.. used for?

How to Use 'i.e.' I.e. stands for the Latin id est, or 'that is,' and is used to introduce a word or phrase that restates what has been said previously.

What does LS stand for unit? Light-second (ls), a unit of length in astronomy equivalent to the distance light travels in one second.

What does LS stand for in estimating?

Least-squares means

1.2 Least-squares means (LS–means) A special type of linear estimates is the so called least–squares means (or LS–means). Other names for. these estimates include population means and marginal means.

What is the full form of LS in invoice?

Limit lines will reference the unit of measure as “LS” – meaning Lump Sum on the PO.

What is ls in construction?

Lump sum

LS is also a unit of payment in construction estimating. Instead of a unit price per item, or a unit of measurement, lump sum items have one price that covers the entirety of that item. It is often used for items that aren't quantifiable such as mobilization.

What does the abbreviation HM stand for?

Her Majesty

Her Majesty; Her Majesty's; His Majesty; His Majesty's.

  • What does HM stand for in material?
    • A. Hazardous materials (HM) are defined as any material that is capable of causing serious injury or death if released into the environment. HM can be divided into two categories: 1) those which pose a significant risk to human health and 2) those which pose a threat to the environment.

  • What does HM mean in architecture?
    • Architectural Abbreviations

      #Pound OR Number
      HMHollow Metal
      HPHigh Point
      HVACHeating, Ventilating, And Air Conditioning
  • What is HM in industry?
    • Hospitality Management (HM)

  • Does HM mean yes?
    • In short, it usually means “Yes.” It could be seen as the closed-mouth version of 'uh-huh'.

  • How do you read construction blueprints?
    • How to read blueprints in 5 steps
      1. Review the title and cover page. When you first examine a blueprint, the title and cover page give you the preliminary information required to make sense of the rest of the plans.
      2. Find the key.
      3. Determine the scale.
      4. Read any additional notes.
      5. Decide which drawings you need first.
  • What are schedules in construction drawings?
    • A schedule as applied to construction working drawings is an organized method of presenting general notes or lists of materials, building components (doors, windows, etc.), equipment, and so forth in a drawing in tabulated form.

  • How do you read reinforcement bar details?
    • Bar Markings
      1. The first letter or symbol identifies the producing mill.
      2. The next marking is the bar size.
      3. The third marking symbol designates the type of reinforcing steel — usually either “S” for carbon-steel (ASTM A615) or “W” for low-alloy steel (ASTM A706).
  • How do you read a bar mark?
    • Number. So bar mark so that's the bar. Number from schedule so the t guys t stands for top. So that our bar is gonna be here top eight number here that means top. And eight number at the bottom.

  • How do you read construction details?
    • Here's how you can read construction plans like a pro in five steps.
      1. Read the Title Block.
      2. Go Over the Plan Legend.
      3. Inspect the Drawings.
      4. Determine Orientation.
      5. Look for Any Notes Added.
      6. Conclusion.
  • What are the examples of earthworks construction?
    • Earthworks involve reshaping a site's terrain by digging deep and moving large quantities of earth or rock. The purpose is to create an ideal base for various types of construction, including: houses, decks, pools, driveways; and large-scale projects like roads, highways, dams and buildings.

  • What does PCF mean in drilling?
    • In the oil industry, mud weight is the density of the drilling fluid and is normally measured in pounds per gallon (lb/gal) (ppg) or pound cubic feet (pcf) . In the field it is measured using a mud scale or mud balance.

  • What is the PCF of reinforced concrete?
    • The unit weight of reinforced concrete for both dead load and modulus of elasticity shall be taken as 160 pcf for all structural analysis, except as approved by the Bridge Design Engineer for unique designs (like floating bridges).

  • What does uno stand for?
    • The full form of UNO is United Nations Organization. After seeing the results of the Second World War, it is an international body that was founded in 1945. After the battle, 51 nations came together with the common aim of preserving international peace and security.

  • What does Uno mean in UNO?
    • When you play your next-to-last card, you must yell “UNO” (meaning “one”) to indicate that you have only one card left. If you don't yell “UNO” and you are caught before the next player begins their turn, you must draw two cards.

  • What does Uno stand for in hydraulics?
    • Abbreviations Guide

      NmNewton Metre
      TPIThreads Per Inch
      TWTube Weld
      UNUnified National Thread
      UNOUN O Ring (O Ring Boss)
  • Why is it called Uno?
    • They named it “Uno” after the rule to announce when only one card is left in one's hand, but also to subtly market the game's name repeatedly—like the game bingo—during play. At first, Robbins sold the games out of his barber shop, but he and Marie soon developed a plan to travel the country and hawk their game.

  • How does UNO work?
    • The objective of each round of Uno is to be the first player to get rid of all their cards. The person to the left of the dealer begins, and each player has to put a single card from their hand onto the discard pile, but only if it has a matching colour, number or symbol.

  • What is the meaning of LBE?

  • What is the acronym for building?
    • Bldg. is a written abbreviation for building, and is used especially in the names of buildings.

  • What is the abbreviation for LL in construction?
    • LL - Live Load. LL - Low Level. LLA - Local Landscape Area.

  • What does LBE stand for in business?
    • Look at the Latest Best Estimate (LBE).

  • What is the full form of LBE date?
    • "Last best estimate" (LBE) is basically business/finance-speak. It literally means the most recent best estimate available. It's usually paired with another biz/fin term: "last approved (LA) date." Both terms are used in programmes management dates in the area of product management and sales forecasting.

  • What is the abbreviation for structural?
    • Abbreviation rules

      StructuralStruct.matches the stem "structur-"
      engineeringEng.matches the stem "engineer-"
      internationalInt.matches the stem "internation-"
  • What is the 3 letter abbreviation for building?
    • Streets and buildings: abbreviations and numbers

  • What are mobs in construction?
    • A Medical Office Building, or MOB, is a commercial property that is specifically developed for health care providers. Typically, these buildings feature patient waiting rooms, exam rooms, and specialized building systems – all designed to ensure an efficient and effective delivery of care.

  • How does mobs work?
    • According to research about mob mentality, a small population within the mob makes the informed decisions that other people conform to. The larger the group gets, the fewer informed members there are.

  • What are the 3 types of mobs?

      Mobs come in all shapes and sizes. Some mobs soar through the skies, others swim in the ocean. What they all have in common is that they fall within three behavior categories that dictate their level of aggression: neutral, passive, and hostile.

  • How much do mobs make?
    • As of Oct 22, 2023, the average hourly pay for a Mob in the United States is $34.06 an hour. While ZipRecruiter is seeing hourly wages as high as $44.95 and as low as $21.63, the majority of Mob wages currently range between $32.93 (25th percentile) to $44.71 (75th percentile) across the United States.

  • Why are they called mobs?
    • A mob (short for "Mobile objects" or "Mobile Object Blocks", or "Monster Or Beast" as a bacronym) is a generic term for any non-player entity whose primary purpose is to be killed for experience, quest objective, or loot. They tend to be aggressive (aggro: Alliance Horde) to all players.

  • What is a mob project?
    • The defining quality of mob programming is that all the developers are grouped together at one workstation and the entire team works on the same task at the same time. There is no specific number of developers needed to be considered a mob, but four to six developers is considered the norm.

  • What is mob in business?
    • Municipals-over-bonds spread (MOB) refers to the difference between the yields from municipal, or municipal bonds, and Treasury bonds which have the same time to maturity. The MOB spread is sometimes used for determining tax strategies.

  • What does mob stand for in HR?
    • HR Officer. Management By Objectives (MoB)

  • What is mob medical abbreviation?
    • List of medical abbreviations: M

      MOBmother of baby
      modmoderate; modified
      MODYmaturity onset diabetes of the young
  • What is the mob involvement in construction?
    • In NYC especially and somewhat less so in other places, the Mob controlled most of the construction unions and owned many construction companies. So even working in an open market, a mafia owned construction company (which was often non-union) could underbid competitors who were usually using unionized labor.

  • What is a keyway in construction terms?
    • (in poured-concrete construction) a longitudinal groove in a footing, or in a pour that has set, providing a key for newly poured concrete.

  • What is a keyway in grading?
    • “Keyway” means an excavated trench into competent earth material beneath the toe of a proposed fill slope.

  • What is the purpose of a keyway?
    • The main purpose of said keyways is to prevent components from slipping on and rotating independently from the shaft they're mounted on, which adds torque capacity in driven systems. Car engine parts are the perfect example of their application.

  • What is the minimum number of tests required to classify soil?
    • OSHA classifies soils into four categories: Solid Rock, Type A, Type B, and Type C. As the competent person, you will be determining the soil classification in order to help choose the proper trench protection. The classification must be based upon at least one visual and one manual soils test.

  • What is the OSHA classification of soil?
    • OSHA classifies soils into three main groups: Type A, Type B, and Type C. Type A is the most stable and Type C is the least stable soil. To determine the soil type on a construction site, there are several tests that a competent person can use.

  • What are the OSHA standard subpart P sloping requirements for excavations?
    • All simple slope excavations 20 feet or less in depth shall have a maximum allowable slope of 1½:1. 2. All excavations 20 feet or less in depth which have vertically sided lower portions shall be shielded or supported to a height at least 18 inches above the top of the vertical side.

  • What is a 1 soil classification?
    • A-1, A-2, and A-3 are granular soils with 35% or less passing the #200 sieve. These groups include gravel or sand (A-1), fine sand (A-3), and silty or clayey gravel and sand (A-2). A-4, A-5, A-6, and A-7 are soils where more than 35% passes the #200 sieve.

  • What are the requirements for soil classification?
    • The criteria generally used in soil classifications are of three main types: (a) the type and dimensions of soil particles; (b) the origin of the soil; (c) applications of the soil for engineering purposes.

  • What does Fi stand for in construction?
    • FHC - Fully Hydraulically Calculated. FI - Fire Investigation.

  • What does FL stand for in construction?
    • Floor level

      Floor level (FL)

  • What does FCL mean in construction?
    • FCL: Finished ceiling level.

  • What is the abbreviation for building?
    • Bldg.

      Bldg. is a written abbreviation for building, and is used especially in the names of buildings.

  • What is FI in project management?
    • FI Project involves investment of ADB funds to or through a financial intermediary (FI). As an FI Project, the environmental and social impacts of subprojects will have to be managed by the subnational governments receiving financing from RIDF and the PDF.

  • What is the earthwork process in construction?
    • Earthwork is one of the earliest and most significant works in the construction process. It involves the removal of topsoil and other material, along with any vegetation, before scraping and grading the area to the finished 'formation level'. This is usually done using a tractor shovel, grader or bulldozer.

  • What does earthwork include?
    • Typical earthworks include road construction, railway beds, causeways, dams, levees, canals, and berms. Other common earthworks are land grading to reconfigure the topography of a site, or to stabilize slopes.

  • What is demo in construction?
    • Demolition is the dismantling, razing, destroying or wrecking of any building or structure or any part thereof. Demolition work involves many of the hazards associated with construction. However, demolition involves additional hazards due to unknown factors which makes demolition work particularly dangerous.

  • What are the 3 methods of calculating earthworks?
    • Following methods are used in the calculation of earthwork:
      • Prismoidal method.
      • Trapezoidal method.
      • Midsection area method.
      • Mean section area method.
  • What is the meaning of earthwork construction?
    • 1. : an embankment or other construction made of earth. especially : one used as a field fortification. 2. : the operations connected with excavations and embankments of earth.

  • What are the examples of earthwork in construction?
    • Typical earthworks include road construction, railway beds, causeways, dams, levees, canals, and berms. Other common earthworks are land grading to reconfigure the topography of a site, or to stabilize slopes.

  • What does DSA mean in construction?
    • Division of the State Architect

      The Division of the State Architect (DSA) provides design and construction oversight for K–12 schools, community colleges, and various other state-owned and state-leased facilities to ensure that they comply with all structural, accessibility, and fire and life safety codes.

  • What does DSA inspector stand for?
    • The Division of the State Architect

      Qualified individuals can apply for certification as a Project Inspector through the Division of the State Architect (DSA) by establishing eligibility and passing the examination. All school projects under the jurisdiction of DSA must have a Certified Project Inspector on site.

  • What is DSA 102 form?
    • As soon as a contract has been let, the architect or registered engineer shall furnish to DSA on Form DSA-102, Contract Information, the name of the contractor, the contract price, and the date of starting of construction.

  • How much money can you get from DSA?
    • In England, there is a single allowance of up to £26,291 (excluding travel) available to undergraduate and postgraduate students studying on a full-time or part-time course during 2022/23 academic year. In the 2022/23 academic year, up to £25,575 (excluding travel) is available.

  • What is the life expectancy of a synthetic track?
    • If the substructure, that is the drainage, stone‐base and laser‐controlled asphalt, is properly designed and constructed and a high-quality sealed polyurethane synthetic surface is properly installed, an athletic running track can last for 20 to 30 years with proper maintenance and resurfacing.

  • Which type of track was constructed before synthetic materials were used?
    • For many decades, cinder and clay (and occasionally grass) were the most commonly used natural track surfaces. They're comfortable to run on, relatively cheap to construct, and have a minimal force impact on a runner's joints.

  • What is the base layer of a track?
    • The base layers consist of two-component polyurethane and recycled rubber. The top layer is a flow-applied layer of two-component polyurethane with EPDM granules. The epiQ Tracks Z5000 and G4000 systems consist of two base layers while the epiQ Tracks Q3000 system consists of only one base layer.

  • What is a synthetic track surface?
    • A synthetic track is a racing surface typically comprised of ingredients like sand, fiber, wax, and rubber. The term “synthetic” distinguishes such tracks from natural racing surfaces like dirt and turf. Synthetic tracks are popular for a variety of reasons. Evidence suggests they're safer than dirt or turf surfaces.

  • How often does a track need to be resurfaced?
    • 8-15 years

      The average time between track resurfacing and field replacement is 8-15 years, so chances are, if your artificial turf field is nearing replacement, your track surface is nearing resurfacing, as well. It is better to keep your track updated with resurfacing to avoid major repairs and replacements later.

  • What is cdc in construction line
    • These measures ensure that properties are built according to the correct zoning, building standards, and local rules and regulations. To this end, property 

  • What does FF stand for in construction?
    • F.F.: FF stands for Finish Floor. It is typically used as a reference and datum line from which elevation markets are indicated. FF&E: FF&E is the acronym for Furniture Fixtures & Equipment. Often, the FF&E budget is considered separate from the architectural construction budget.

  • What does FM stand for in transportation?
    • The Farm to Market Road System is the largest secondary highway system in the United States. Established in Texas through legislation in 1949, Farm to Market Roads exist as secondary state highway transportation systems connecting rural or agricultural areas to towns and city centers.

  • What does FM stand for finance?
    • As a function of good governance, Financial Management (FM) forms an integral part of the development process in all Bank-financed operations and country institutional strengthening efforts, and is crucial to achieving the World Bank Group's (WBG) goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity in a

  • What are the abbreviations commonly used on construction drawings?
    • Architects commonly abbreviate measurements, such as edge distance (ED), far side (FS), and inner diameter (ID). Materials are also often abbreviated such as gypsum (Gyp.), laminated veneer lumber (L.V.L.), and masonry (Mas.). Items to consider when you read a floor plan are abbreviated, such as not to scale (N.T.S.).

  • What type of soil rock allows the steepest slope when trenching?
    • OSHA

      TYPE A [2]3/4:1 (53º)
      TYPE B1:1 (45º)
      TYPE C1 ½:1 (34º)
  • What is the 4 types of soil?
    • Soil is classified into four types:
      • Sandy soil.
      • Silt Soil.
      • Clay Soil.
      • Loamy Soil.
  • How many types of soils are there?
    • How many soil types are there? There are six most common types of soil for agriculture: sand, clay, silt, chalk, peat, and loam.

  • What are the three types of soil construction?
    • The Best Types of Soils for Home Building
      • Peat: Typically dark brown or black in color, peat can hold a lot of water, making it easily compressible.
      • Clay: Since it is mostly comprised of very tiny particles, clay holds water quite well.
      • Silt: Also comprised of small particles, silt retains water quite well.
  • What are the OSHA soil types?
    • OSHA classifies soils into three main groups: Type A, Type B, and Type C. Type A is the most stable and Type C is the least stable soil. To determine the soil type on a construction site, there are several tests that a competent person can use.

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