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What is stackwood construction

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Exploring the Benefits of Stackwood Construction: A Comprehensive Guide

If you're searching for information about "What is stackwood construction," you've come to the right place. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the key aspects, positive aspects, benefits, and conditions suitable for stackwood construction. So, let's dive in!

I. Understanding Stackwood Construction

Stackwood construction refers to a building technique that involves using interlocking wooden logs or planks to create sturdy walls. Unlike traditional methods that rely on nails or screws, stackwood construction utilizes the natural interlocking properties of wood to form stable structures. This technique has gained popularity due to its sustainability, aesthetic appeal, and numerous advantages it offers.

Positive Aspects of Stackwood Construction:

  1. Sustainability:

    • Utilizes renewable and eco-friendly materials (wood).
    • Reduces environmental impact by minimizing the need for synthetic components.
    • Provides excellent thermal insulation, reducing energy consumption.
  2. Aesthetic Appeal:

    • Stackwood construction offers a unique and rustic look, adding character to any space.
    • The natural texture and warmth of wood create a cozy and inviting atmosphere.
    • Allows for various design options, including curved walls and artistic patterns.
  3. Durability and Structural

The mortar mix which Jaki and I have been using successfully for over 20 years is: 9 parts masonry sand, 3 parts soaked softwood sawdust (passed through a half-inch screen), 3 parts lime (hydrated, Type "S" or builder's lime, which are different names for the same thing) and 2 parts Portland cement.

How thick should cordwood walls be?

Between 8 and 24 inches thick

Walls typically range between 8 and 24 inches thick, though in northern Canada, some walls are as much as 36 inches thick. Cordwood homes are attractive for their visual appeal, maximization of interior space (with a rounded plan), economy of resources, and ease of construction.

What is the best wood for cordwood masonry?

A: Spruce and poplar (quaking aspen) are both good choices for cordwood masonry.

What is the R value of cordwood walls?

The walls of a cordwood house, without additional insulation, consist of three mediums, each of which has a different ability to resist heat movement: mortar (which has an R-value of 0.20 per inch of thickness); wood (with an average R-value of 1.0); and air (the R-value of which depends upon a number of conditions).

How do you make cordwood mortar?

Mix A: 9 sand, 3 soaked softwood sawdust, 3 hydrated (Type s or “Builder's”) lime, 2 Portland cement.

How long will a cordwood house last?

As long as the footings remain sound and there is sufficient overhang on the roof to prevent the rainwater from running down your walls, you could expect your structure to last at least 150 years.

What is the basics of cordwood construction?

[Very] Basic Steps to Building a Wall
  • Run two lines of mortar along the edges of your wall.
  • Fill in the middle with your insulation.
  • Place logs on top of the lines of mortar.
  • Run more mortar along the tops of the new logs and fill the middle with more insulation.
  • Rinse and repeat until you reach the top.

Frequently Asked Questions

What kind of wood is used for cordwood construction?

Northern White Cedar volumetric shrinkage 7.2%: Cedar is the ideal wood for cordwood because it possesses so many of the qualities needed to make a successful cordwood building. However, other woods can be used with confidence. Often the final result is in the proper preparation.

How long do cordwood walls last?

As long as the footings remain sound and there is sufficient overhang on the roof to prevent the rainwater from running down your walls, you could expect your structure to last at least 150 years.

What are the cons of cordwood construction?

1. Rotting bottom logs (caused by building cordwood “on grade”–aka near the ground). 2. Air-infiltration gaps where logs have loosened and the result is a drafty, cold cordwood home (this is caused by using wood that is not dried to 12% moisture content and used with a mortar that is too strong).

FAQ

How long does cordwood last?

Most experts agree that if you make one or two fires at home per week, a full cord of firewood should last eight to twelve weeks. However, when estimating how long a face cord of wood will last, you must factor in that it is much smaller than a full cord of wood.

How to cordwood construction

We show you beautiful cordwood homes and then teach you how to build them using best practices. Learn from the finest cordwood builders.

What wood is cordwood?

Cord wood are firewood logs cut and split into conveniently sized pieces that are easy to carry or stack in a wood pile. They're what you see being sold at stores. The term actually comes from the “cord” or string used to tie the logs into a bundle. Firewood, on the other hand, is simply any wood intended to be burned.

What is stackwood construction

What is the best wood for cordwood walls?

You should use softwoods, preferably cedar if it is available since it is more rot and pest resistant. Generally speaking, you should avoid hardwoods because they behave poorly in a cordwood wall. They are more prone to expansion and contraction and have been known to knock entire walls apart due to swelling.

What is the cordwood construction method?

Cordwood construction (also called cordwood masonry or cordwood building, alternatively stackwall or stovewood) is a term used for a natural building method in which short logs are piled crosswise to build a wall, using mortar or cob to permanently secure them. This technique can use local materials at minimal cost.

Are cordwood walls load bearing?

Hear this out loudPauseBy using a cordwood wall with a thickness of 40 cm, which corresponds to the most commonly used cordwood wall thickness, it is possible to obtain load-bearing walls for two-storey buildings that provide very high fire resistance—R180, in the case of double-sided fire resistance.

  • Cordwood construction how much wood
    • Aug 18, 2014 — If you haven't already been to this website cordwood construction by all means, go check it out. The amount of mortar will vary building to 

  • How thick should a cordwood wall be?
    • Between 8 and 24 inches thick

      Walls typically range between 8 and 24 inches thick, though in northern Canada, some walls are as much as 36 inches thick. Cordwood homes are attractive for their visual appeal, maximization of interior space (with a rounded plan), economy of resources, and ease of construction.

  • How much mortar mix do I need?
    • Three bags of mortar are estimated for every 100 block, therefore 6-3/4 bags of mortar are needed ((225 block x 3 bags mortar) / 100 block = 6-3/4 bags of mortar). One cubic yard of sand is required for every 7 bags of mortar, therefore, the mason must also purchase .

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