Native American cultures in the region of the Great Lakes, the Ohio River Valley, and the Mississippi River valley, constructed large characteristic mound earthworks over a period of more than 5,000 years in the United States.
Which region was known for building mounds?
The Mississippian period (1000 to 1700 A.D.) saw a resurgence of mound building across much of the southeastern United States. Most Mississippian mounds are rectangular, flat-topped earthen platforms upon which temples or residences of chiefs were erected.
Where and when did the mound builders live?
From c. 500 B.C. to c. 1650 A.D., the Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Native American cultures built mounds and enclosures in the Ohio River Valley for burial, religious, and, occasionally, defensive purposes.
Where are the mound in the USA?
Adena and Hopewell culture burial mounds
|Grand Gulf Mound
|Claiborne County, Mississippi
|50 to 150 CE
|Indian Mounds Regional Park
|Saint Paul, Minnesota
|1 to 500 CE
|800 BCE to 100 CE
|200 BCE to 500 CE
What was the location of the largest mound building?
LaDonna Brown, Tribal Anthropologist for the Chickasaw Nation Department of History & Culture, describes Cahokia Mounds, which is located on the site of a pre-Columbian Native American city directly across the Mississippi River from present-day St. Louis.
What materials did the Mound Builders use?
These mounds, many of which survive today, consisted of several hundred tons of dirt, clay, and stone, and were built on a large scale in spite of the fact that the builders had no beasts of burden and did not use the wheel.