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What was the parthenon and what was amazing about its construction?

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What Was the Parthenon and What Was Amazing About Its Construction?

The Parthenon is an iconic ancient Greek temple located on the Acropolis of Athens. Its construction and design are considered remarkable, showcasing the brilliance of Greek architecture and engineering. In this article, we will explore the positive aspects and benefits of understanding the Parthenon's significance and construction techniques.

I. What was the Parthenon?

  • A brief introduction to the Parthenon's historical context and purpose as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.
  • Explaining its location on the Acropolis of Athens, a hilltop sanctuary.

II. Amazing Aspects of Its Construction:

  1. Architectural Brilliance:

    • Use of the Doric order: Highlighting the simplicity, elegance, and harmony of the column design.
    • Perfect proportions: Discussing the meticulous planning that resulted in the temple's balanced and visually appealing form.
    • Optical refinements: Mentioning the slight curvatures and inclinations incorporated to counteract optical illusions, making the temple appear even more symmetrical.
  2. Precision Engineering:

    • Marble construction: Emphasizing the skill required to quarry and transport enormous marble blocks to construct the Parthenon.
    • Innovative use of columns:

Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.

What is the Parthenon and why do you think it was constructed?

The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos. The word parthénos (παρθένος) meant 'maiden, girl' or 'virgin, unmarried woman'.

What is one way the Parthenon was a unique or interesting building?

With its many iconic features, the Parthenon—designed to symbolize the ideals of art, science, and democracy—was the first building ever to be constructed entirely of marble.

Why is the Parthenon considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world?

“The Parthenon has often been seen as the culminating point of ancient Greek architecture. Within that tradition, its proportions, its ornamentation and its optical refinements arguably represent the pinnacle achievement.

Why is the Parthenon considered the most impressive of all ancient Greek buildings?

Jeffrey Hurwit: The Parthenon was the greatest monument in the greatest sanctuary of the greatest city of classical Greece. It was the central repository of the Athenians' very lofty conceptions of themselves. It was the physical, marble embodiment of their values, of their beliefs, of their myths, of their ideologies.

When was the Parthenon completed?

432 BCParthenon / Opened

How was the Parthenon constructed?

The blocks were carved and trimmed by hand on-site with meticulous precision—a necessity when building without mortar. Because the Athenians were a great naval power, experts speculate that they adeptly used a system of pulleys, ropes, and wood cranes to tow and lift the marble blocks.

Frequently Asked Questions

When did the construction of the Parthenon begin and end?

Work on the Parthenon began in 447 bceunder the architects Ictinus and Callicrates with the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. The building was completed by 438, and that same year a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated.

How was the temple of Athena built?

The temple of Athena Nike, built in Ionic order of beautiful white Pentelic marble (Pentelic marble is prized for its golden white color and was used in Athens and later in Rome), has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of the cella (a cella is an interior chamber of an ancient Greek temple); this kind

How long did it take to build the temple of Athena?

The Architecture of the Parthenon

The Parthenon in Athens was carved out of Pentelic marble and it took the Athenians approximately 10 years to construct the building, 447-438 BCE. Architectural sculpture work continued into approximately 432 BCE. All horizontal architectural elements arch slightly in the center.

Why was a temple built for Athena?

Temple of Athena Nike History

This exquisite temple was dedicated to Athena, patron goddess of Athens, in her 'Nike' persona: the embodiment of victory and success in war. It was built in the Classical Period as part of the Periclean building programme to rejuvenate and glorify Athens after the Greco-Persian Wars.

Who was involved in the construction of the Parthenon?

Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, constructing the Parthenon was the work of the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias.

How long did it take workers to build the Parthenon?

The Architecture of the Parthenon

The Parthenon in Athens was carved out of Pentelic marble and it took the Athenians approximately 10 years to construct the building, 447-438 BCE. Architectural sculpture work continued into approximately 432 BCE. All horizontal architectural elements arch slightly in the center.

FAQ

Who were the builders of the Acropolis?

Most of the major temples, including the Parthenon, were rebuilt by order of Pericles during the so-called Golden Age of Athens (460–430 BC). Phidias, an Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Callicrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.

Who built the Parthenon?

IctinusCallicrates

Parthenon/Architects

Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, constructing the Parthenon was the work of the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias.

What was the problem with the Parthenon?
The Turks turned the Parthenon into an ammunition dump. During a Venetian attack on Athens in 1687, a cannonball set off the Turkish munitions, blowing apartthe long walls of the Parthenon's inner chamber. More than 700 blocks from those walls—eroded over time—now lay strewn around the Acropolis.

Why was it a challenge for the architects of the Parthenon to make the columns appear straight?
Because the Parthenon had few straight lines and right angles, its designers and builders had to hand-craft each individual piece, among a total of over 70,000 architectural members, so as to fit them into their own specific place within the temple's structure.

What challenges the Parthenon has endured throughout history?

And the difficulty of fitting the pieces back together is compounded by the Parthenon's history. Since it was built, in the fifth century B.C.E., it has been shot at, exploded, set on fire, rocked by earthquakes, converted to a church then a mosque, and in the 19th century, looted for its magnificent sculptures.

What caused the most damage to the Parthenon?

In the Morean War, a Venetian bomb landed on the Parthenon, which the Ottomans had used as a munitions dump, during the 1687 siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon.

What was the parthenon and what was amazing about its construction?

When did the Parthenon get damaged?

26 September 1687

On 26 September 1687 Morosini fired, one round scoring a direct hit on the powder magazine inside the Parthenon. The ensuing explosion caused the cella to collapse, blowing out the central part of the walls and bringing down much of Phidias' frieze.

What was needed to build the Parthenon?

According to the former coordinator of the late 20th/early 21st-century restoration, Manolis Korres, builders of the Parthenon mined 100,000 tons of marble from a quarry about 10 miles from Athens. Using wagons, they conveyed blocks of marble from the quarry and up the Acropolis's incline.

What type of construction method was used to build the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was built using postandlintel construction. 9. What problem in architecture led to this form of construction? The problem in architecture that led to this form of construction was how could there be door and window openings in bearing walls without giving up the support that they provide.

What were the facts about the construction of the Parthenon?

The massive structure was dedicated in 438 B.C. Sculpting and decorative work at the Parthenon continued until 432 B.C. It's estimated that 13,400 stones were used to build the temple, at a total cost of around 470 silver talents (roughly $7 million U.S. dollars today).

What led to the construction of the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was built in thanksgiving for the Hellenic victory over Persian Empire invaders during the Greco-Persian Wars. Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon also served as the city treasury. Construction started in 447 BC when the Delian League was at the peak of its power.

  • What did the Greeks use to build the Parthenon?
    • According to the former coordinator of the late 20th/early 21st-century restoration, Manolis Korres, builders of the Parthenon mined 100,000 tons of marble from a quarry about 10 miles from Athens. Using wagons, they conveyed blocks of marble from the quarry and up the Acropolis's incline.

  • What type of construction is the Parthenon?
    • Architecture. The Parthenon is a peripteral octastyle Doric temple with Ionic architectural features. It stands on a platform or stylobate of three steps. In common with other Greek temples, it is of post and lintel construction and is surrounded by columns ('peripteral') carrying an entablature.

  • What is the Parthenon based on?
    • The celebrated Greek statesman Pericles is credited with ordering the design and construction of the Parthenon as a temple for Athena—the goddess of wisdom, arts, literature and war—but it may not have been the first attempt to house the deity.

  • What building were inspired by the Parthenon?
    • Buildings Inspired by the Parthenon

      The Parthenon also inspired the design of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. This grand monument, which was built to honor President Abraham Lincoln, includes a Greek temple front that is directly inspired by the Parthenon.

  • What construction material was used to build the Parthenon replica?
    • The Nashville Parthenon was created from brick, stone, structural reinforced concrete, and cast concrete aggregate.

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