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When was the construction of the transcontinental railroad

When Was the Construction of the Transcontinental Railroad?

In this article, we will explore the benefits and uses of knowing when the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad took place. This information is particularly relevant for individuals interested in American history, railroad enthusiasts, researchers, and students studying transportation or infrastructure development. Let's delve into the positive aspects and advantages of understanding the construction timeline of the Transcontinental Railroad.

Benefits of Knowing When the Construction of the Transcontinental Railroad Occurred:

  1. Historical Significance:

    • Understanding the timeline of the Transcontinental Railroad's construction allows individuals to appreciate its historical importance.
    • It was a monumental engineering feat that connected the East and West coasts of the United States, transforming transportation and commerce.
  2. Research and Educational Purposes:

    • Researchers, scholars, and students can utilize the information to conduct in-depth studies on the impact of the Transcontinental Railroad on various aspects of American society.
    • It provides essential context for understanding the economic, social, and political developments that occurred during and after its construction.
  3. Railroad Enthusiasts:

    • For railroad enthusiasts, knowing when the Transcontinental Railroad was built is crucial.
    • It allows them to trace the origins and evolution of the railroad system in the United

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which designated the 32nd parallel as the initial transcontinental route, and provided government bonds to fund the project and large grants of lands for rights-of-way.

Table of Contents

Who paid for the construction of the transcontinental railroad?

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which designated the 32nd parallel as the initial transcontinental route, and provided government bonds to fund the project and large grants of lands for rights-of-way.

Who started the building of the railroad?

John Stevens is considered to be the father of American railroads. In 1826 Stevens demonstrated the feasibility of steam locomotion on a circular experimental track constructed on his estate in Hoboken, New Jersey, three years before George Stephenson perfected a practical steam locomotive in England.

Who became involved in the financial support of railroads?

Crocker was in charge of construction. Stanford, who was governor of California in 1862–63, saw to the company's financial and political interests in the West. The associates subscribed some of their own funds initially, but most of the capital for the actual construction came from public funds and grants.

What was the impact of the railroad and railroad construction on the United States?

Railroads became a major industry, stimulating other heavy industries such as iron and steel production. These advances in travel and transport helped drive settlement in the western regions of North America and were integral to the nation's industrialization.

How did the transcontinental railroad affect the United States quizlet?

How did the transcontinental railroad affect US commerce? The railroad increased commerce by making shipping easier and cheaper. iron and machinery. Due to the railroads, American settlers were able to travel west in larger numbers.

What was the biggest impact of the building of the transcontinental railroad?

Impact on the United States

The building of the transcontinental railroad opened up the American West to more rapid development. With the completion of the track, the travel time for making the 3,000-mile journey across the United States was cut from a matter of months to under a week.

Frequently Asked Questions

When did the Union Pacific start building the transcontinental railroad?

By connecting the existing eastern U.S. rail networks to the west coast, the Transcontinental Railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad") became the first continuous railroad line across the United States. It was constructed between 1863 and 1869.

In what city did the Union Pacific begin construction of the transcontinental railroad in 1863?

On Jan. 8, 1863, ground was broken in Sacramento for the eastbound sections of track. Nine months later, on Oct. 26, 1863, the first spike was driven.

When and where was the transcontinental railroad built?

The railroad opened for through traffic between Sacramento and Omaha on May 10, 1869, when CPRR President Leland Stanford ceremonially tapped the gold "Last Spike" (later often referred to as the "Golden Spike") with a silver hammer at Promontory Summit.

What happened on May 10th 1869?

Wedding of the Rails” Officials and workers of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railways held a ceremony on Promontory Summit, in Utah Territory—approximately thirty-five miles away from Promontory Point, the site where the rails were joined—to drive in the Golden Spike on May 10, 1869.

When was the first railroad built?

The Middleton Railway in Leeds, which was built in 1758, later became the world's oldest operational railway (other than funiculars), albeit now in an upgraded form. In 1764, the first railway in America was built in Lewiston, New York.

When did the Transcontinental Railroad start date?

January 1863 – Central Pacific Railroad breaks ground on its portion of the railroad at Sacramento, California; the first rail is laid in October 1863.

What two companies competed and built the transcontinental railroad?

In 1862 Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Acts which designated the 32nd parallel as the initial transcontinental route and gave huge grants of lands for rights-of-way. The legislation authorized two railroad companies, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific, to construct the lines.

What was the competition of the transcontinental railroad?

The tracklaying race of 1869 was an unofficial contest between tracklaying crews of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads, held during the construction of the first transcontinental railroad. The competition was to determine who would first reach the meeting place at Promontory, Utah.

What were the names of the two competing railroad companies?

Two Competing Companies: The Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad.

Why were the two railroad companies competing?

Between state and federal government land grants, the two companies owned about 180,000,000 acres of land by the end of construction. Thus started a competition between the two companies to see who could lay as much railroad track down as possible.

Where did the two companies meet for the transcontinental railroad?

The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

Where did construction of the transcontinental railroad start and end?

It would begin in Omaha, Nebraska and end up in Sacramento, California. The other route was the "southern route". This route would stretch across Texas, New Mexico, and end up in Los Angeles, California.

Why did they start building the transcontinental railroad?

In Lincoln's mind, the railroad was part of the Civil War effort. The new line would support communities and military outposts on the frontier. It would give settlers safe and dependable passage west. And most importantly, it would tie new states California and Oregon to the rest of the country.

How long was the transcontinental railroad when it was first built?

America's first transcontinental railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a 1,911-mile (3,075 km) continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa, with the Pacific coast at the

What was the construction of the transcontinental railroad?

The transcontinental railroad was built in six years almost entirely by hand. Workers drove spikes into mountains, filled the holes with black powder, and blasted through the rock inch by inch. Handcarts moved the drift from cuts to fills.

When did the transcontinental railroad finish construction?

May 10, 1869

The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad May 10, 1869, is recognized as one of our country's biggest achievements and one of mankind's biggest accomplishments.

What companies were involved in building the transcontinental railroad?

In 1862 Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Acts which designated the 32nd parallel as the initial transcontinental route and gave huge grants of lands for rights-of-way. The legislation authorized two railroad companies, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific, to construct the lines.

Which group did not work on the transcontinental railroad?

The group that did not work on the transcontinental railroad was American Indians. Chinese immigrants, Irish immigrants, and Civil War veterans were among the groups that worked on the transcontinental railroad. The transcontinental railroad was a major achievement in American history.

What were the 5 transcontinental railroads?

The line from San Francisco, California, to Toledo, Ohio, was completed in 1909, consisting of the Western Pacific Railway, Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, Missouri Pacific Railroad, and Wabash Railroad.

What three major railroad companies worked on the transcontinental railroad?

In total, the rail line was built by the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California (CPRR), Union Pacific , and Western Pacific Railroad Company over public lands provided by extensive US land grants.

Which companies completed the first Transcontinental Railroad in 1869?

For all the adversity they suffered, the Union Pacific and Central Pacific workers were able to finish the railroad–laying nearly 2,000 miles of track–by 1869, ahead of schedule and under budget.

When and where was the first transcontinental railroad built?

Beginning in 1863, the Union Pacific, employing more than 8,000 Irish, German, and Italian immigrants, built west from Omaha, Nebraska; the Central Pacific, whose workforce included over 10,000 Chinese laborers, built eastward from Sacramento, California.

What was the first transcontinental railroad in 1869?

On May 10, 1869, the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah, and drive a ceremonial last spike into a rail line that connects their railroads. This made transcontinental railroad travel possible for the first time in U.S. history.

FAQ

During which decade did transcontinental rail service begin?

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which authorized the construction of a transcontinental railroad. The first such railroad was completed on May 10, 1869. By 1900, four additional transcontinental railroads connected the eastern states with the Pacific Coast.

Is the first transcontinental railroad still in use?

While much of the original transcontinental railroad tracks are still in use, the complete, intact line fell out of operation in 1904, when a shorter route bypassed Promontory Summit.

Who was involved in the creation of the Transcontinental Railroad?

In 1862 Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Acts which designated the 32nd parallel as the initial transcontinental route and gave huge grants of lands for rights-of-way. The legislation authorized two railroad companies, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific, to construct the lines.

What made the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad possible?
The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

What type of workers were involved in creating the first Transcontinental Railroad?
Chinese Workers Dominated the Workforce. Chinese laborers at work with pick and shovel wheelbarrows and one-horse dump carts filling in under a trestle built in 1865 as part of the transcontinental railroad.

Who built the Transcontinental Railroad quizlet?
The Central Pacific and the Union Pacific were the two companies charged to build the Transcontinental Railroad. Although the government funded and approved the building of the Transcontinental Railroad before the Civil War, the main construction of the railway began after the Civil War around 1865.

Who mostly built the Transcontinental Railroad during the Industrial Revolution?
Chinese workers made up most of the workforce between roughly 700 miles of train tracks between Sacramento, California, and Promontory, Utah. During the 19th century, more than 2.5 million Chinese citizens left their country and were hired in 1864 after a labor shortage threatened the railroad's completion.

When was the transcontinental railroad done being built?

May 10, 1869

The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad May 10, 1869, is recognized as one of our country's biggest achievements and one of mankind's biggest accomplishments.

When and why was the transcontinental railroad built?

The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

Why was the transcontinental railroad built in 1869?
Connecting the two American coasts made the economic export of Western resources to Eastern markets easier than ever before. The railroad also facilitated westward expansion, escalating conflicts between Native American tribes and settlers who now had easier access to new territories.

When and where did the transcontinental railroad start?

The United States began building a transcontinental railroad in 1863 to connect the East Coast with the West Coast. Work began from both sides of the country, meeting at Promontory, Utah, in 1869. During those six years workers laid some 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) of track from Nebraska to California.

When did the transcontinental railroad start and end?

By connecting the existing eastern U.S. rail networks to the west coast, the Transcontinental Railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad") became the first continuous railroad line across the United States. It was constructed between 1863 and 1869.

When the construction of the transcontinental railroad was completed,

The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined 

Where did they start building the transcontinental railroad?

Sacramento

The Pacific Railroad Act stipulated that the Central Pacific Railroad Company would start building in Sacramento and continue east across the Sierra Nevada, while a second company, the Union Pacific Railroad, would build westward from the Missouri River, near the Iowa-Nebraska border.

When did construction begin on the transcontinental railroad?

1863

By connecting the existing eastern U.S. rail networks to the west coast, the Transcontinental Railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad") became the first continuous railroad line across the United States. It was constructed between 1863 and 1869.

Who mainly built the transcontinental railroad?

Chinese workers

Most of them were Chinese workers who were paid less for their labor than their European counterparts. Chinese migrants worked in the Sierra foothills for the Central Pacific Railroad. For years, railroad workers were largely overlooked in memorial events marking the railroad's completion.

Why and when was the transcontinental railroad built?
The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

Who helped build the transcontinental railroad?

The building of the Transcontinental Railroad relied on the labor of thousands of migrant workers, including Chinese, Irish, and Mormons workers. On the western portion, about 90% of the backbreaking work was done by Chinese migrants.

What was the 1st reason to build a transcontinental railroad?

In Lincoln's mind, the railroad was part of the Civil War effort. The new line would support communities and military outposts on the frontier. It would give settlers safe and dependable passage west. And most importantly, it would tie new states California and Oregon to the rest of the country.

How long did the construction of the transcontinental railroad work?

Six years

The transcontinental railroad was built in six years almost entirely by hand. Workers drove spikes into mountains, filled the holes with black powder, and blasted through the rock inch by inch. Handcarts moved the drift from cuts to fills.

What happened to the transcontinental railroad in 1869?

The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

Is the transcontinental railroad still in use?

Today, most of the transcontinental railroad line is still in operation by the Union Pacific (yes, the same railroad that built it 150 years ago).

When did they start building the transcontinental railroad?

America's first transcontinental railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a 1,911-mile (3,075 km) continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa, with the Pacific coast at the

When was the construction of the transcontinental railroad

What railroads made the transcontinental railroad?

The rail line, also called the Great Transcontinental Railroad and later the "Overland Route," was predominantly built by the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California (CPRR) and Union Pacific (with some contribution by the Western Pacific Railroad Company) over public lands provided by extensive US land grants.

What provided for the construction of a transcontinental railroad?

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which designated the 32nd parallel as the initial transcontinental route, and provided government bonds to fund the project and large grants of lands for rights-of-way.

Did the government offered each railroad company building the transcontinental railroad? To encourage rapid construction, the government offered each company land along its right-of-way. (About 1-5 miles on either side of the tracks) The railroads sold the land on either side of the tracks to settlers to pay for the cost of building the railroad.

How many years did it take to build the transcontinental railroad?

Answer and Explanation: From the first work until the railroad was finished, it took about 6 to 7 years to build the transcontinental railroad, although most of the work occurred during the last 3 1/2 years. The Pacific Railroad Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1862.

Who and when was the transcontinental railroad built?

The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

What were some of the major effects of building the transcontinental road?

The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad dramatically catalyzed the development of the West, a process that both extended settlement and mining into otherwise unreachable areas and caused desertification (or, dry and arid conditions) in places along the route.

What were the effects of building railroads?

Railroads became a major industry, stimulating other heavy industries such as iron and steel production. These advances in travel and transport helped drive settlement in the western regions of North America and were integral to the nation's industrialization.

What were 2 effects of the construction of railroads during the Industrial Revolution?

Not only did the railroads transport raw materials used in industrial production, such as coal and iron ore, the railroads were also one of the largest consumers of raw materials in their own right. The growth of railroads thus led to growth in other industries, such as timber and coal.

What was the impact of the completion of the transcontinental railroad?

The completion of the first transcontinental railroad revolutionized travel, connecting areas of the Western United States with the East. Prior to its completion, traveling to the West Coast from the East required months of dangerous overland travel or an arduous trip by boat around the southern tip of South America.

What were 3 impacts that the Transcontinental Railroad had on the West?

By 1900, much of the nation's railroad system was in place. The railroad opened the way for the settlement of the West, provided new economic opportunities, stimulated the development of town and communities, and generally tied the country together.

What was traveling like on the transcontinental railroad?

The ride was “not only tolerable but comfortable, and not only comfortable but a perpetual delight,” he wrote. “At the end of our journey [we] found ourselves not only wholly free from fatigue, but completely rehabilitated in body and spirits.

Did the transcontinental railroad transport people?

And, as Ronda notes, the first transcontinental railroad and the other lines that followed made it easy for immigrants to spread across the nation. “People come across the Atlantic on ships, get on trains, and end up in places such as western Nebraska,” he says.

What happened during the construction of the transcontinental railroad?

Danger Ahead: Building the Transcontinental Railroad

The company suffered bloody attacks on its workers by Native Americans–including members of the Sioux, Arapaho and Cheyenne tribes–who were understandably threatened by the progress of the white man and his “iron horse” across their native lands.

How fast could you travel on the transcontinental railroad?

The speed of trains varied according to the conditions of tracks and bridges, dropping to nine miles per hour over hastily built sections and increasing to thirty-five miles per hour over smoother tracks. Most travelers of the early 1870*5 mentioned eighteen to twenty-two miles per hour as the average.

How did Americans travel before the transcontinental railroad?

Before the transcontinental railroad was completed, travel overland by stagecoach cost $1,000, took five or six months, and involved crossing rugged mountains and arid desert.

What made the railroad possible in 1862 to start construction? The Pacific Railway Act, which became law on July 1, 1862, offered government incentives to assist “men of talent, men of character, men who are willing to invest” in developing the nation's first transcontinental rail line.

What year did the railroad begin construction and where was the starting point?

The first spikes were driven in 1863, in the midst of the Civil War. Two companies competed to lay as much track as possible. The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, Calif., while the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Neb.

What major railroad system started construction in 1828?

On July 4, 1828, Baltimore merchants began the construction of a railroad from the harbour to some point, then undetermined, on the Ohio River.

Who was involved in the construction of railroads?

Many workers contributed to the construction of railroads. On the East Coast, Native Americans, recently freed black people, and white laborers worked on the railroads. On the West Coast, many of the railroad workers were Chinese immigrants.

Who did they hire to build the transcontinental railroad? Chinese workers made up most of the workforce between roughly 700 miles of train tracks between Sacramento, California, and Promontory, Utah. During the 19th century, more than 2.5 million Chinese citizens left their country and were hired in 1864 after a labor shortage threatened the railroad's completion.

Who helped build the railway?

Chinese workers

Creating a better transportation system was essential to connect the new Confederation. With the beginning of the construction of the CPR in the 1880s, Chinese workers were crucial for building the difficult western sections of the railway.

Who were the Big Four who built the transcontinental railroad?

Central Pacific Railroad, American railroad company founded in 1861 by a group of California merchants known later as the “Big Four” (Collis P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker); they are best remembered for having built part of the first American transcontinental rail line.

What groups worked to build the railroad? Irish immigrants, freed slaves and Mormons also worked on the transcontinental railroad. “Snow fell so deeply that they had to build roofs over 37 miles of track so supply trains could make it through. The conditions were merciless, dangerous and harsh.”

  • When did the transcontinental railroad start date?
    • January 1863 – Central Pacific Railroad breaks ground on its portion of the railroad at Sacramento, California; the first rail is laid in October 1863.

  • How did the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad change the landscape?
    • Hear this out loudPauseThe completion of the Transcontinental Railroad dramatically catalyzed the development of the West, a process that both extended settlement and mining into otherwise unreachable areas and caused desertification (or, dry and arid conditions) in places along the route.

  • How did the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad impact Native Americans?
    • Hear this out loudPauseThe Transcontinental Railroad dramatically altered ecosystems. For instance, it brought thousands of hunters who killed the bison Native people relied on. The Cheyenne experience was different. The railroad disrupted intertribal trade on the Plains, and thereby broke a core aspect of Cheyenne economic life.

  • What happened when the Transcontinental Railroad was built?
    • Hear this out loudPauseIn addition to transporting western food crops and raw materials to East Coast markets and manufactured goods from East Coast cities to the West Coast, the railroad also facilitated international trade. The first freight train to travel eastward from California carried a load of Japanese tea.

  • Who ordered the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad?
    • Hear this out loudPauseLincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 into law on July 1. It authorized creation of two companies, the Central Pacific in the west and the Union Pacific in the mid-west, to build the railroad.

  • What were the effects of the first transcontinental railroad?
    • Hear this out loudPauseThe completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 had a huge impact on the West. It encouraged further settlement in the West as it made travelling their cheaper and easier. It also encouraged the development of towns along the railroad, as the railroad made the west less isolated.

  • How long did it take to build transcontinental railroad?
    • Six years

      The transcontinental railroad was built in six years almost entirely by hand. Workers drove spikes into mountains, filled the holes with black powder, and blasted through the rock inch by inch. Handcarts moved the drift from cuts to fills.

  • Who approved the transcontinental railroad?
    • President Abraham Lincoln

      The Pacific Railway Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on July 1, 1862. This act provided Federal government support for the building of the first transcontinental railroad, which was completed on May 10, 1869.

  • What act authorized the construction of the transcontinental railroad?
    • The Pacific Railway Act, which became law on July 1, 1862, offered government incentives to assist “men of talent, men of character, men who are willing to invest” in developing the nation's first transcontinental rail line.

  • How did the Transcontinental Railroad get approved?
    • The Railroad Act of 1862 put government support behind the transcontinental railroad and helped create the Union Pacific Railroad, which subsequently joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking of the continent.

  • Why did Lincoln approve the Transcontinental Railroad?
    • In Lincoln's mind, the railroad was part of the Civil War effort. The new line would support communities and military outposts on the frontier. It would give settlers safe and dependable passage west. And most importantly, it would tie new states California and Oregon to the rest of the country.

  • Who was president during the completion of the transcontinental railroad?
    • President Ulysses S.

      The Civil War general to whom Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox in 1865, and the18th president of the United States from 1868-1876. President Grant was in office during construction of the transcontinental railroad, and was one of its strongest advocates.

  • Which railroads provide for the construction of a transcontinential railroad
    • Apr 20, 2010 — Two Competing Companies: The Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad.

  • When did the construction began for the railroad?
    • The first railroad charter in North America was granted to Stevens in 1815. [4] Grants to others followed, and work soon began on the first operational railroads. Surveying, mapping, and construction started on the Baltimore and Ohio in 1830, and fourteen miles of track were opened before the year ended.

  • Who made sure that a transcontinental railroad would be built?
    • Answer and Explanation: The U.S. government made sure that the Transcontinental Railroad would be built. The completion of this project was of great importance for the government, as it was symbolic of U.S. power and also a key link for the national economy.

  • Where did the transcontinental railroad start?
    • The Union Pacific's 1,087 miles (1,749 km) of track started at MP 0.0 in Council Bluffs, Iowa, on the eastern side of the Missouri River.

  • Who started the Transcontinental Railroad?
    • Asa Whitney

      One of the early and most prominent people making the case for a transcontinental railroad was Asa Whitney. In 1849 he published his ideas on the idea of a railroad that began in Chicago and went to California. There were many others who also joined the chorus.

  • Who worked to construct the Transcontinental Railroad?
    • Beginning in 1863, the Union Pacific, employing more than 8,000 Irish, German, and Italian immigrants, built west from Omaha, Nebraska; the Central Pacific, whose workforce included over 10,000 Chinese laborers, built eastward from Sacramento, California.

  • Who built the Transcontinental Railroad and how were they treated?
    • From 1863 and 1869, roughly 15,000 Chinese workers helped build the transcontinental railroad. They were paid less than American workers and lived in tents, while white workers were given accommodation in train cars.

  • Did African Americans help build the transcontinental railroad?
    • “Almost 160 years ago, our transcontinental railroad was built with the ingenuity and hard work of diverse laborers. In the West, it was the Chinese track gangs. In the Midwest, it was the civil war veterans, including African Americans, as well as Irish immigrants.

  • Did Mormons help build the railroad?
    • Once the railroad work approached the Utah Territory both railroad companies hired Mormons who had settled in Utah to help complete the tracks. The first transcontinental railroad was completed on May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit in northern Utah.

  • When did the construction of transcontinental railroad start and end
    • The first spikes were driven in 1863, in the midst of the Civil War. Two companies competed to lay as much track as possible. The Central Pacific built east 

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