The most widely accepted explanation today is that new infectious diseases brought from the Old World, such as smallpox and influenza, had decimated most of the Native Americans from the last mound-builder civilization, as they had no immunity to such diseases.
When was the collapse of the Mississippi Mound Builders?
Then, Climate Change Destroyed It : The Salt The Mississippian American Indian culture rose to power after A.D. 900 by farming corn. Now, new evidence suggests a dramatic change in climate might have led to the culture's collapse in the 1300s.
What happened to the survivors of the Mound Builders?
When Europeans began settling the southeast and midwest, their diseases had already killed roughly four out of every five Native Americans. The survivors were often disorganized and demoralized. Their land looked empty, and the thousands of mounds their ancestors had built were often mistaken for natural hills.
What tribe built the mounds in Mississippi?
Archaeological evidence indicates that the Indians who used the Winterville Mounds may have had a civilization similar to that of the Natchez Indians, a Mississippi tribe documented by French explorers and settlers in the early 1700s.
Why did the Mississippians disappear?
Researchers have developed several explanations for these changes, including the introduction of European diseases, social and economic collapse, and soil depletion. Several scholars have documented nutritional stress associated with the collapse of Mississippian societies in Alabama.
When did the Mound Builders live in Ohio?
From c. 500 B.C. to c. 1650 A.D., the Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Native American cultures built mounds and enclosures in the Ohio River Valley for burial, religious, and, occasionally, defensive purposes.